A calendar is merely a way to tell time. Generally speaking, we on planet earth use it to describe our orbit around the sun. Most Americans use the Gregorian calendar which consists of 12 months with close to 30 days (some more, some less, some equal), which requires an extra day to be added once every four years. Another calendar, the Hebrew calendar uses lunar months but based on a solar year. This too requires adjustments every so often to keep with the solar year. Other calendars exist as well.
That said, organized society needs a way to account for time, regardless of the method. It allows for planning of events, like planting crops, but also to prepare for the future with some certainty. For instance, certain animals migrate during certain seasons which occur at specific times. Tracking time also allows for the enforcement of time-based agreements. On a philosophical level, time allows a society to place itself in history thereby providing meaning to life.
However, a very small society, especially if rather primitive, could go without a calendar. By using the position of the celestial bodies in the sky, or by recognizing a pattern in the temperature (seasons), people can determine appropriate times for obtaining food, whether planting, harvesting, or hunting. Similarly, the knowledge of animal behavior, whether wild or domestic, based around the seasons would suffice for other activities. However, all of these activities are made easier by calendars and allow us to focus on more productive and valuable activities.
3. Page 22 in the book problem 2.2.
Perminov’s presentation of one of the mathematical reasonings found on the a cuneiform tablet is impressive. Even wit...
... middle of paper ...
...res 10 bits, but in a base 16 system only requires 7. As for base 2, one of its advantages is its simplicity, especially with electrical signals. Either the circuit is 0 or 1, on or off, open or close. There’s no confusion and it’s easy to build such a yes/no system.
Since I can’t find any real world examples of base 7, I am not sure there are any advantages of using this system. 7 is a prime number so factoring and dividing is less easy compared to other systems. Alternatively, base 12 has six factors: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12. This allows for easier computation like we do for measuring (12feet = 1 foot). Also, unlike 7, 12 can be counted easily on the hand by using the joints of the 4 fingers (not the thumb). Of course with any base a counting system can be devised, but the natural method of using fingers (or toes) seems to be one of the major reasons we use base 10.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... The new calendar replaced previously religious holidays with various festivals celebrating things like the artichoke, turnip, and the cabbage instead of God as stated in an article from the Gazzette de France. (Document eleven) This showed that the national convention was attempting to eliminate religious influences from French society completely. However because this article was written under Napoleon I, and from the perspective of people who did not agree with the calendar the article may be very biased.... [tags: gregorian, national convention, christian]
1044 words (3 pages)
- For as long as most can remember, schooling has been based on a ten-month calendar. Although it was established for an agricultural society it is still extremely common in today’s urban society. The introduction of year-round education, though it clearly makes more sense for todays students, is still a relatively new concept and therefore is subject to a lot of speculation. With benefits such as, remediation, better chances for high-risk and ESL students, economic benefits, and more structure/stability it is a mystery why some oppose the idea of implementing it on a wider scale.... [tags: urban society, schooling, ten month calendar]
1296 words (3.7 pages)
- There has been many predictions about when the world will end or how it would end but no one believes it and no one knew whether they true or not. This time is true and you have to believe it. Now there are more and more information to support Mayans' prediction. According to the Mayan's calculation the longest calender only goes up to December 21,2009. It takes a long time in order for a calendar to go through one cycle. The longest cycle takes 26,000 years and the shortest cycle takes 5,000 years.... [tags: 2010, apocalypse, Mayan calendar, ]
482 words (1.4 pages)
- In the United States, most schools still use a ten-month calendar that was developed when our country’s students needed school off to help with harvesting (Palmer). Trimble Local Schools Superintendent Kim Jones says, “year-round schooling is the notion of getting away from the old agrarian calendar...which was formed up around the planting season. Students were out of school from April until harvest to work in the fields,” (qtd. in Hapka). Under the agrarian system, most United States students are in school for nine to ten months, and get a two- to three- month summer vacation.... [tags: Education Reform]
1096 words (3.1 pages)
- Coping Strategies Needed in Modern Society Coping Strategies Needed in Modern Society Have you ever heard someone say, “I just don’t know how I’m going to cope?” What is coping and how is this accomplished. To begin we first need to understand stress. What it is; What are the effects it has on the body and lastly, what strategies we can use to combat stress. Stress As defined in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, “stress is a physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental tension and may be a factor in disease causation.” Another definition has stress as being an altering of an existent equilibrium as in the case of a job related stress.... [tags: Psychology]
2244 words (6.4 pages)
- In any type of society from hunter/gatherer tribes to post industrial nations there are rules and regulations that must be followed for the safety and benefit of said society. Over the centuries these rules have become more rigid and concrete and have transformed into strict laws that all who wish to exist in that society must follow and obey or face severe punishment. The laws are a supposed codification of social norms that all those in the society feel are common practices we must abide by and follow.... [tags: violence, gangs, drug market, control]
1609 words (4.6 pages)
- History of the Traditional School Calendar The American educational system is based on the traditional, nine-month school calendar, which has been in place for over a century. Originally, the United States was an agrarian society. The majority of Americans lived on farms. People made most of the items that they needed, and with little trade necessary, there was no need for schooling (McLain, 1973). However, as people branched out into neighboring areas, they needed to learn new skills, such as basic arithmetic to price items, measure land, and more (McLain, 1973).... [tags: essays papers]
3024 words (8.6 pages)
- White Collar And Organized Crime In the twentieth century, White Collar and Organized Crimes have attracted the attention of the U.S. Criminal Justice System due to the greater cost to society than most normal street crime. Even with the new attention by the Criminal Justice System, both are still pretty unknown to the general public. Although we know it occurs, due to the lack of coverage and information, society does not realize the extent of these crimes or the impact. White Collar and Organized is generally crime committed by someone that is considered respectable and has a high social status.... [tags: criminal justice, costly crime, felony]
895 words (2.6 pages)
- The Aztec Calendar stone has become one Mexico’s national symbols. After decades of Latin American Art being degraded, underappreciated, forgotten, and abused, it has become one of Mexico’s most national treasures. After years of research from the Codex Mendoza, the Calendar, and documents by the Spanish conquistadors, it has gradually become clear as to how the Aztecs truly lived and how art played such a huge role in their society. It has not only given researchers insight to the Aztec culture and religion and has also given influence to modern and the mainstream media today such as fashion and graphic design.... [tags: Mexico, religion, art, culture, calendrical system]
1672 words (4.8 pages)
- The Mesoamerican Calendar “The Mesoamerican calendar, one of the most sophisticated timekeeping systems ever conceived by ancient people, “said by Anthony F. Avent in Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico, perfectly describes how significant the Mesoamerican calendar is. In order for you to understand the great importance of this creation, one needs to know comprehend the background of the people who created it, what it consists of, other calendars that relate to it, and how it affects us today.... [tags: Essays Papers]
1295 words (3.7 pages)