Teaching English If-conditional sentences to Chinese students is always a challenge for English teachers. English teachers are still continuously seeking for an effective method to make the language point more understandable for students. The probability approach put forward by Mei Wu (2012) provides a clear classification of conditional sentences. Based on her theory, conditional sentences can be mainly divided into four types. In terms of probability, type 1 is the factual conditionals (zero condition) which mean the event is definitely happen to meet the condition stated in the if-clause. Type2 is the predictive conditionals which refer to the event that has high possibility to happen in the future while type 3 is the hypothetical conditionals (second conditional) which used to describe the situation which has low probability to become true. Both type2 and type 3 use past tense to express different meaning. Then, past perfect tense is used in the situation which is impossible to take place in the past in type 4. (Wu, 2012)
Based upon the interview, students are confusing about the tense in the second conditional sentence. What students have learnt in the previous class is that past tense only used to describe things took place in the past. Therefore, they find it difficult to understand why past tense verb should be used in the if-clause to express something happen in the present or future in imaginary situation. Moreover, we may easily observed that Chinese people seldom change tenses and modality in verb phrase to differentiate the conditional situation because there is only one verb tense in Chinese language. (Zhang, 2005:18)
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the approaches to enhance the effect...
... middle of paper ...
...e EFL classroom. ELT journal, 52(4), 301-307
Gerngross, G & Puchta, H. (1992). Creative Grammar Practice: Getting Learners to Use Both Sides of the Brain. England: Longman Group UK Limited
Long, M, H. & Doughty, C, J. ( Eds.).(2009). The Handbook of Language Teaching. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Nunan, D. (1997). Teaching Grammar in Context. ELT Journal, 52(2), 101-109
Nassaji, H., & Fotos, S. (2011). The role of context in focus on grammar: Teaching Grammar in Second Language Classroom (pp.121-134). New York and London: Routhdge
Robert M. Dekeyser. ().What Makes Learning Second-Language Grammar Difficult? A review of issues.
Wang, Q. (2006). A course in English language teaching. Beijing: Higher Education Press
Wu, M. (2012). The Probability Approach to English If-conditional Sentences. Canadian Center of Science and Education, 5(5), 37-41. doi: 10.5539/ elt.v5n5p37
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction It has been well documented that there are three main kinds of conditional sentence. The first one is the verb in the main clause is “will” or “shall” and the verb in the conditional clause is in the simple present tense. Secondly, in the main clause the verb is “should” or “would” and in the conditional clause the verb is in the simple past tense. Last but not the least, the verb in the principle clause is “should have” or “would have” while in the conditional clause is in the past perfect tense (Sinclair, 2011).... [tags: grammar, student learning, teaching method]
1963 words (5.6 pages)
- Part A: Introduction Conditionals are sentences describing implications or hypothetical situations and their results. Two clauses make up a conditional: the condition clause and the consequent clause, which are dependent on each other (Narayanan, Liu & Choudhary, 2009). Basically conditionals can be divided into four canonical tense patterns based on tense (Narayanan, Liu & Choudhary, 2009), including zero conditionals, first conditionals, second conditionals and third conditionals. Zero conditionals are used in describing facts or rules.... [tags: conditionals, teaching, effectiveness, design]
1876 words (5.4 pages)
- Introduction Based on the textbooks in Hong Kong, the students in Primary 5 get the first chance to learn conditional sentences. There are four types in all: Type 0 (any situation which is always true), Type 1(something is going to happen in the future), Type 2 (an imaginary situation which stands no chance of happening or even impossible) and Type 3 (a situation which might have happened in the past but which did not really happen) (Loo, 1996). As time goes by, students will get a better understanding about them in junior high school.... [tags: teaching method, grammar, education]
2064 words (5.9 pages)
- A. Introduction Conditional sentences are dedicated to expressing a possible situation and its consequences. Teaching of conditional sentences is a difficult point in secondary school English education. In mainland China, students begin the learning of the first and zero type of conditional sentences in the eighth grade, and learn the rest of second and third type of condition sentences in the eleventh grade. The long learning period of conditional sentence can reflect the great importance and difficulty of teaching this grammar.... [tags: education, grammar, teaching method]
2198 words (6.3 pages)
- This fall, Peter Li will join an exodus of Chinese students boarding planes for the flourishing campuses of American colleges to start his new life there. Li, currently a high school student in Shanghai, will be enrolling the WESL program at Western Illinois University to improve his English before pursue a bachelor degree there. But like many other Chinese students who don’t speak English fluently, Li might not have been accepted without a little help. The 18-year-old and his parents hired an education agent in China to “elaborate” on the essay he submitted as part of his application. “Actually, the agency helped my application with both forged transcripts and fake essays,” he says.... [tags: Chinese Students]
535 words (1.5 pages)
- 1. Introduction Grammar and Vocabulary are the two foundations of English language and they affect each other individually. Therefore, both of them should be emphasize in English language teaching. According to Greenbaum and Nelson (2002), Grammar refers to the set of rules that allow people to combine words in language into larger units. Mastering grammar well will contribute greatly to reading, writing and speaking. In grammar leaning, the student’s attitude matters. Meanwhile, the teaching methods are also the key factor for students to master well.... [tags: Grammar&Vocabulary, Educational Technique]
1735 words (5 pages)
- As the number of Chinese students studying abroad increases, researchers pay attention to how Chinese students respond to their life in foreign countries, mainly in US, UK and Australia. Although the situations in different countries vary a numbr of accounts indicate Chinese students face common problems which make them feel stressed. Lin (2007) made an investigation of a Chinese student organisation on the US campus of Midwest University, adopting participant observation, individual and focus group interviews to collect qualitative data.... [tags: Psychology, Sociology, Leisure, Han Chinese]
818 words (2.3 pages)
- The people who matter most in education are being neglected by the educational reforms and those people are the students; they are being neglected through No Child Left Behind and the idea of educational romanticism, and teachers unions also play a role in this neglect. No Child left behind is seen as a huge detriment to education and neglects the students. Diane Ravitch sums up No Child Left Behind’s effect on education in her article “Obama’s War on School”. “NCLB mandated that 100 percent of students be proficient in reading and math by 2014.... [tags: neglecting the students, No Child Left Behind]
753 words (2.2 pages)
- In many aspects, the motivations for the Chinese to come to the United States were similar to those of most immigrants. Some came to "The Gold Mountain," and others came to the United States to seek better economic opportunity. Yet there were others that were compelled to leave China either as contract laborers or refugees. The Chinese brought with them their language, culture, social institutions, and customs. Over time they made lasting contributions to their adopted country and became a vital part of the United States population (Immigration Station).... [tags: Anti-Chinese Immigration Policy]
2993 words (8.6 pages)
- This essay will explore how Classical Chinese literature written during the Ming Dynasty illustrates the social role that women played in the traditional Chinese marriage. Issues and traditions that greatly affected women`s roles in the family and society included lineage, male dominance, families position in society, grounds and repercussions for divorce. In the vernacular short story ``The Shrew: Sharp Tongued Ts`ui-lien``, anonymous is a story in the collection Vernacular Short Stories from the Clear and Peaceful Studio (Qingping shantung heaven) which was writing during the Ming dynasty, the main character Ts`uilien, exemplifies a woman in this time period, subject to its rules and socie... [tags: Classical Chinese Literature, Ming Dynasty]
2484 words (7.1 pages)