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Overview of the Culture of Los Tsachillas

- Overview of the Culture of Los Tsachillas Let’s go down to South America where we find the country Ecuador, within these areas we come across a place called Santo Domingo de los Colorados but is now known as Santo Domingo de los Tsachillas. This place we come too is named after its main habitants which are known as Los Colorados but original name is Los Tsachillas....   [tags: Comparative Culture, Anthropology]

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Organizational And Cultural Interaction At My Work

- NNEOMA NWOBILOR PROFESSOR VOLLRATH 12/10/14 THE ORGANIZATIONAL AND CULTURAL INTERACTION AT MY WORK The structure of an office is usually made up of very diverse people with different characters and cultures....   [tags: Culture, The Culture, Anthropology, Sociology]

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Cultural Adoption Is A Type Of Adoption

- The U.S. has adopted over 30 thousand children from other countries since 2010. (Statistics) There has been evidence of children who have been abandoned or neglected being relocated to new families ever since the 1850’s. It wasn 't until the 1950’s when Catholic single women in Quebec weren 't allowed to keep their illegitimate babies and they had to get sent to the U.S. for adoption. Then in the 1970’s, after vietnam and China’s one child law cross- cultural adoption skyrocketed. cross- cultural adoption is a type of adoption where an individual or couple becomes the legal parents of a child who is from a different culture, ethnicity, or community then they are....   [tags: Culture, The Culture, Adoption, Anthropology]

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Attending College Is A Life Changing Experience

- For many Americans, the event of attending college is a life changing experience; this experience is meant to enhance an individual’s knowledge of a specific subject matter, and to broaden that person’s cultural horizons. Students are often required to take Humanities courses, and are encouraged to discover the rationale behind studying the humanities. For some, this course is just one required for that individual to obtain their overall degree, and for others, this course can be life altering, because it allows an individual to gain a broader knowledge of the world that they live in....   [tags: Culture, Humanities, Anthropology, History]

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Culture Is Important For Our Present Society

- Culture is understood in many ways to many different kind of people. Growing up, not much time nor effort was placed into grasping the full understanding of what it is to be cultured, how many other cultures you could possibly belong to, or why culture is important for our present and future society. Being able to reflect on one’s own individual cultural identity as well as respect the understanding of others’, can be an up most powerful feeling. First, we must understand that the definition of culture goes beyond the society’s stereotype of what is race and ethnicity and how that defines what culture you belong to....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, The Culture, Sociology]

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Racism Is A Very Well Known Issue

- Introduction Racism is a very well known issue that occurs in almost every part of the world. As an educator it is important to discuss and be aware of this issue because racism, racial discrimination and racist remarks still happen a lot in Australian schools and in the classroom which will be reviewed further below starting with the history of racism globally, the types of racism that occur before and nowadays, racism in Australian school and last but not least how to create awareness of covert racism among teachers in relation to critical race theory....   [tags: Racism, Discrimination, Race, Anthropology]

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Eating Cheap And Unhealthy Food Stereotype

- Imagine living every day without enough money for basic needs like food. Then add studying for exams, three to four-hour labs, and four to five 1 hour long lectures to the top of that… This is what some university students go through every day. After paying tuition, students barely have enough money to buy food for the rest of the term. A sociological study was done to see if students actually experience food insecurity like the university stereotype proposes. She found some great results that bring up the idea that food insecurity is a cultural phenomenon that has both physical and emotional effects but could have been improved with an anthropological approach....   [tags: Anthropology, Sociology, Ethnography]

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The Between Modern And Modern Societies

- While is a common conception that pre-modern societies are primitive compared to their modern counterpart, this is not often the case, theses societies have complex systems within their society especially within their spirituality and religion. It is this complexity that has allowed aspects of pre-modern societies to evolve and adapt into modern societies. Myths, rituals and sorcery have been terms to describe the activities of pre-modern societies, but these activities have also been found to exist within modern society as well....   [tags: Religion, Sociology, Anthropology of religion]

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History of the Navajo Tribe

- INTRODUCTION According to the history of the Navajo Tribe, the Holy People lived in the underworld and helped by guiding the First Man and First Woman to earth (McCoy 1988). The Holy People are said to be attracted to songs, dances, and chants during the ceremony along with the creation of Sandpainting. The Sandpainting is used in the healing process of the ceremony to draw a picture that tells a story of the Holy People. The Navajo culture have amazed so many people to how beautifully constructed the rituals are performed....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Native Americans]

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Indigenous People of the Congo

- The Congo is the home to a nomadic group of hunters-gatherers known as the Mbuti. The Mbuti are one of the oldest indigenous people of the Congo region of Africa. The Mbuti is an egalitarian society, and the band is their highest form of socialization. Bands are based on principles of teamwork and sharing. The bands are composed of about fifteen to sixty families. The Mbuti reside in the Ituri forest, a tropical rainforest in the northern part of the Congo River Basin. The forest is named after the Ituri River....   [tags: Anthropology, Mbuti, Culture]

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The Implications Of Social Work

- Implications for Social Work Because of my culture, it has allowed for me to be more understanding of those that are different from me. The recognition of what it is to be different from what normal American culture may look like has brought forth a new and deeper level of empathy without even realizing. Growing up in a diverse area where my group of friends came from a wide variety of backgrounds has helped me to see the similarities we share as well as getting more acquainted and understanding of why certain groups do the things that they do....   [tags: Culture, Sociology, The Culture, Anthropology]

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The Challenge Of Cultural Relativism

- The Challenge of Cultural Relativism Argument The Challenge of Culture Relativism written by James Rachels argues the downsides and upsides to the idea of Cultural Relativism. This is the idea of Cultural Relativism: the principle that an individual human 's beliefs and activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual 's own culture. It was established as axiomatic in anthropological research by Franz Boas in the first few decades of the 20th century and later popularized by his students....   [tags: Culture, United States, Anthropology]

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The Social Effect On Religion

- The acknowledgement of the social effect that religion has on a population is also discussed. The religion a culture has may set the standard for what is socially acceptable or not. It may also influence how the government operates. As discussed with the Maya, leaders used religion as a tool to maintain power and influence the masses. The power difference between a ruler and a divine king is great. Questioning the commands of the gods through the holy leader could easily lead to death. Another example are the many Crusades lead against Muslims after being sanctioned by several different popes....   [tags: Anthropology, Sociology, Culture]

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Is Barbarism A Subjective Term?

- “Barbarism is a subjective term used to oppose whatever is different from one’s own culture.” No matter how much people try not to judge others, doing so is almost impossible. The real struggle arises when a person comes across something different from their cultural beliefs. On page 355 Volume C, Montaigne states, “each man calls barbarism whatever is not his own practice; for indeed it seems we have no other test of truth and reason than the example and pattern of the opinions and customs of the country we live in.” Growing up a person tends to be raised in understanding only one cultural practice and the practice they are taught is the one that applies to their culture....   [tags: Culture, The Culture, Barbarian, Anthropology]

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Different Perspectives Of Multicultural Differences

- Viewpoints on Multicultural Differences Throughout history, there have been various perspectives of multicultural differences. According to Meriam Webster (n.d.), culture is “the beliefs, customs, arts, institutions, and the thoughts or products of a particular society or group.” Unfortunately, African Americans, Native Americans, Italians, Irish, Jews as well as various other cultural groups have been profoundly discriminated against and negatively stereotyped (Good Therapy org.). With the frequent mingling of cultures in educational settings, the workplace, and in the social arena, we are bound to encounter cultural differences....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Multiculturalism]

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Using bones, teeth and joints for reconstructing activity in past human populations

- During an individual’s lifetime the activities they involve themselves in impact on their many bodily tissues. Markers for these activities are left in the bones, joints and dentition which is useful for anthropologists as only skeletal material is left in the case of most ancient populations. Subsequently much research has been undertaken in this area with varying levels of validity.In this essay I seek to explain what information can be reliably gathered from skeletal material, it will focus on bone density and muscle attachments associated with heavy workloads, joint wear caused by repeated processes such as grinding grain, osteoarthritis and tooth wear associated with tool use....   [tags: Anthropology Archaeology]

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Shamanism and the Indigenous Peoples of Siberia

- Shamanism and the Indigenous Peoples of Siberia Shamanism plays a role within most tribal communities of the indigenous peoples of Siberia. Within the community the shaman has many roles; one of his[1][1] main roles is that of a healer. The function of the shaman is closely related to the spirit world (Eliade 71). A shaman uses ecstatic trance to communicate with spirits. Spirits are integral to a shaman’s ability to heal within his community. “Shamanic activity is generally a public function” (Grim 11-12)....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology]

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Egyptian Architecture and History

- This discourse revolves around the development of art and architecture with reference to Egypt. It endeavours to bring out various phases in the development of art and architecture in Egypt. Besides, it describes how different personalities, events and themes, over time, influenced art and architecture. Not only are the progressive changes leading up to modern-day art and architecture discussed, but also the geographical, social, cultural and political factors which affect art and architecture....   [tags: World History, Anthropology]

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The Globalization of Culture

- The term “globalization” has been used more frequently in the late 20th century, and along with it is the ongoing development of trade, urbanization and the sharing of knowledge (Wikipedia). The constant rotation of the source of goods, knowledge, new ideas and the explosion of information technology and mass media has brought cultures into contact with each other. As an inevitable consequence, globalization has created an impact on culture, causing changes in three main aspects which are traditional values, human behavior and other forms of art and entertainment....   [tags: anthropology, international influence]

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The Study of Culture

- 1. Discuss the idea of Mary Douglas, including how the idea of clean versus dirty is paramount in her theoretical perspective. According to Mary Douglas, purity or clean versus dirty or impure represent the boundaries of a society, and is a manifestation of the society’s fears. Douglas examined the use of blood as a means of purification and as a source of contamination that must then be purified in the Judeo-Christian tradition, as well as in a variety of African groups. Douglas emphasizes the symbolic meaning of purification rituals, and how they are manifested through ritual and daily practice....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays]

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Evolution of Intelligence

- “All intelligent thoughts have already been thought” but when were these first intelligent thoughts thought. Intelligence is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills. But intelligence has evolved from the past. The innovation of fire furthered to the light bulb, as the hut became the skyscraper. This topic is worthy to investigate because modern humans have advanced so greatly, but how exactly had our genius evolved and where did our intelligence start. How are the intelligence of early humans different from that of modern humans, and what inferences can be made from this data....   [tags: anthropology, biology, history]

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Through a Window: My Thirty Years With The Chimpanzees of Gombe by Jane Goodall

- Humans, complex social beings, unique in almost every aspect, this was the thought of many among the science community for centuries upon centuries. Until the1960’s when a bright eyed eager learning Jane Goodall, only 26 years old, set out to change the minds of millions that humans were not the only emotion filled, intelligent, tool making, learning, highly skilled beings roaming the earth. With Goodall being a female and having no formal scientific education, this led to her having many skeptics, but despite these minor set backs, this young enthused anthropologist not only shocked but revolutionized the anthropological world with a study about chimpanzees....   [tags: anthropology, science community, tool making]

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The Sociological Imagination By C. Wright Mills, And The Uses Of Poverty

- Throughout Society, many families have seen struggle and lived through poverty. The economy is not always thriving which takes a toll on people who suffer through unemployment or low wage jobs. The Frontline documentary, “Two American Families”, is the perfect example of struggle in the United States. It shows the lives of two struggling families and their efforts to survive. Two essays, “The Sociological Imagination” by C. Wright Mills, and “The Uses of Poverty: The Poor Pay All” by Herbert J. Hans, support the analysis of the video strongly....   [tags: Sociology, C. Wright Mills, Anthropology]

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The Article ' Body Ritual Among The ' By Horace Miner

- In the article “Body Ritual Among Nacirema” by Horace Miner, the basics of the article mentions how other cultures view American culture as strange. Miner directly makes it feel like the article was written by an outsider. Such as viewing American everyday rituals like brushing one’s teeth and cutting facial hair. Miner also replaces American with Nacirema, which is the reverse spelling of American. Analyzing these practices of Nacirema culture further, this paper shall explain: what practices appear strange to an outsider, how does the article illustrate ethnocentrism and cultural relativity, what problems may occur in accurately observing other cultures and lastly how might others interrup...   [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism, Anthropology, Ritual]

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An Office Aide At The Graduate Of Nursing And Health Innovation

- For my part time employment, I work as an Office Aide at the Undergraduate Advising office for ASU College of Nursing and Health Innovation (CONHI). My primary responsibility is to act as a liaison between current ASU students, prospective ASU students, and the academic advisors. This entails answering phone calls, providing information about the CONHI academic programs, greeting people who walk into the office, and scheduling appointments. A significant portion of the clients I work with are international students....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, High context culture]

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A Cross Cultural Representation Of Value And Exchange Theory

- This course has focused on a cross-cultural representation of value and exchange theory through the perspectives of Marcel Mauss, Bronislaw Malinowski, Pierre Bourdieu, Arjun Appadurai and David Graeber. While we have spent a great deal of time exploring specific exchange systems such as Kula and Potlatch, this essay will focus on the technical theories related to value construction and exchange. In order to accomplish this, I will ground the foundation of my paper in chapter two of Graeber’s work “Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value” and use this to thoroughly examine the ideas of Marx and Bourdieu in relation to commodity economies....   [tags: Sociology, Economics, Karl Marx, Anthropology]

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The Development Of The Worldwide Transcultural Nursing Society

- Madeleine M. Leininger, founder of the worldwide Transcultural Nursing Society, is the founder and leader of the field of transcultural nursing, focusing on comparative human care theory and research. “The development of Madeleine Leininger’s theory resulted from an integration of her background as an anthropologist with her experience and observations as a nurse” (Schub, 2014). As a pioneering nurse educator, leader, theorist, and administrator, Dr. Leininger has been a risk taker and innovator....   [tags: Culture, Nursing, Anthropology, Nursing theory]

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Kung Life: An Ethnography by Majorie Shostak

- The many ethnographies produced from the fieldwork of anthropologist, account for much of our knowledge of cultures we may consider foreign of our own. Ethnographies are often written to provide an understanding of the practices of the studied culture, thus bridging the gap between separate ways of life. Majorie Shostak is one of the well known anthropologist who attempts to do just this in her writings. During her stay in the Dobe regions of Botswana, she studied the life of !Kung women to find out if they share similar ideas to women of her own culture....   [tags: kung, geography, anthropology, ethnographies, Majo]

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The African Origin of Ancient Egyptian Civilization

- Few bygone civilizations fascinate us as much as that of the ancient Egyptians. The kingdom along the Nile River has been the subject of countless books, magazine articles, movies, and television shows and documentaries. There is even a hotel in Las Vegas with an ancient Egyptian theme. Museums all over the world dedicate entire galleries to excavated Egyptian artifacts, and Egypt itself receives millions of tourists flocking to photograph its ruins each year. There are many reasons behind our infatuation with ancient Egypt....   [tags: african history, anthropology, culture, Egypt]

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The Development And Variation Of The Self

- In the course of studying the development and variation of the self, I have realized that the self is constantly evolving as a result of both external and internal stimuli. While a complete understanding of the self is difficult to achieve because of personal subjectivity and differences in experience, multiple theories on the development and maturation of conscious thought have contributed to my own understanding of self. Additionally, while my inherent conception of self may differ from others’, there are nonetheless certain qualities or developmental tendencies that are universally shared between all humans....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Self, Conceptions of self]

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Public Safety Field : Is It Important?

- Introduction As we look around us this learner can see how the past, present and future has given our society so many questions about other individuals racial inequality and race which can affected us in one way or another, and the best example for this would be 9/11. It made us afraid and fear a certain culture based on the ground shaking history it left behind. Cultures that before we may not have paid them any mind, but know are a focus point in the public safety field as well as everyday life....   [tags: Culture, African American, Anthropology, Race]

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Globalization : The Globalization Of Culture

- The Globalization of Culture Globalization is a phenomenon that arose from the industrial revolution in the 19th century, and has been progressively expanding since. According to Joan Ferrante (2015), globalization is the “ever increasing flow of goods, services, people…and other cultural items across political boundaries.” There is much speculation associated with globalization in terms of social and economic growth, but the cultural aspects of globalization are often overlooked and misconstrued with global Americanization (Legrain 2003)....   [tags: Culture, Sociology, Anthropology, Melting pot]

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The Contributions Of C. Wright Mills

- Section 1 The five questions I have chosen to answer are the contributions of C. Wright Mills to sociology. As I explain his contributions, I will identify major ideas he had as well as how they were used in study, and provide an example. The next question I will answer is demonstrating my understanding of how individuals respond to cultural difference by explaining both ethnocentrism and cultural relativism. This one I will address how each have positive and negative characteristics and the impact they have on social relationships....   [tags: Sociology, Max Weber, Anthropology, Deviance]

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Stuart Hall Cultural Studies Theory

- Throughout this paper I will be discuss and describe these three articles about Stuart Hall cultural studies theory the Cultural Studies: Two Paradigms from Media, Culture and Society, then the Cultural Studies in the Future tense and Sexing the Self: Gendered Positions in Cultural Studies theory. “According to, Stuart Hall, “Cultural Studies: Two Paradigms” from Media, Culture and Society, Raymond Williams and E.P Thompson summarize about the way they saw culture, they refer it to the way of life and saw mainstream media as the main role in capitalist society....   [tags: Sociology, Cultural studies, Marxism, Anthropology]

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The Namesake By Jhumpa Lahiri

- In Jhumpa Lahiri’s novel, The Namesake, the protagonist, Gogol, struggles with his cultural identity. He is an American-born Bengali struggling to define himself. He wants to fit into the typical American-lifestyle, a lifestyle his parents do not understand. This causes him tension through his adolescence and adult life, he has trouble finding a balance between America and Bengali culture. This is exemplified with his romantic relationships. These relationships directly reflect where he is in his life, what he is going through and his relationship with his parents....   [tags: Culture, Jhumpa Lahiri, The Namesake, Anthropology]

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My Big Fat Greek Wedding

- My Big Fat Greek Wedding is a film made in 2004 that evidently portrays several sociological concepts throughout the film. This film highly demonstrates the sociological topics of gender and culture all through the movie. The roles of gender, gender stratification as well as gender stereotyping are shown during the film. As for culture, the film displays subculture, counterculture, ethnocentrism, cultural relativism and lastly, cultural diffusion. My Big Fat Greek Wedding focuses on a 30 year old Greek women, Toula Portokalos, who is single and works at her family’s restaurant....   [tags: Culture, Sociology, Gender role, Anthropology]

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Sociology And The Social World

- Introduction The term sociology is used to refer to the scientific study of the social behaviors and the societal components like the origin, its developments, the organization structure, institutional networks and the manner in which all these factors are related or fit into one system. Sociology is categorized as a social science because it applies empirical methods of investigation as well as the critical analysis of situations in the development of a pool of knowledge related to social orders or disorders and social relationships....   [tags: Sociology, Science, Social behavior, Anthropology]

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Functionalist Conflict And Interactionist Perspectives

- Functionalist, conflict and interactionist perspectives are the three views that are most widely used by sociologists when they view society. Sociologists make use many perspectives since each offers unique insights into the same issue. I am a female, 21 years old, first daughter, oldest sister and Asian. Also, I am a student at UAFS and member in the Student Government Association. These are examples for ascribed statuses and achieved statuses. Ascribed status heavily influences my achieved status....   [tags: Sociology, Culture, Social status, Anthropology]

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Ethnography

- Ethnography Works Cited Missing Anthropology is defined, in the most basic terms, as the study of other cultures. This field can subsequently be divided into more specific sects, and contain more precise defining characteristics, but this definition is essentially all that is needed. Anthropology is a science that attempts to look at other cultures and draw conclusions to questions that are raised while studying. An anthropologist is someone who accepts what is presented before them and is driven by an urge to understand each presentation as thoroughly as possible....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers]

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Culture of Trinidad

- Culture of Trinidad According to the encyclopedia, culture is defined as “The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought [www.wikipedia.com].” In Trinidad these particular aspects are very distinct to the people's daily lives on the island. The diversity of actual cultures and ethnicities on the island has melted together over the centuries to create a Trinidadian culture of its own. There are influences from almost every part of the world including, India, China, the United States, Lebanon, Spain, Britian, Africa, and cultures native the Caribbean....   [tags: Anthropology Cultural]

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Evolution of Man

- Evolution of Man Scientists continue to debate the history of man. It is generally agreed upon by the scientific community, however, that humans evolved from lesser beings, and this essay will function to provide evidence to support this claim. Several points will be outlined, including the general physical changes that occurred between several key species on the phylogeny of man, and a discussion of dating methods used to pinpoint the age of the fossils. This essay will begin with a brief discussion of dating techniques....   [tags: Science Anthropology]

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Ethnography

- Ethnography Personal experience and reflexivity should be used within anthropology as a tool to reflect on the culture that is being studied and not a refocusing of attention on the self. Works such as Dorinne Kondo’s “Dissolution and Reconstitution of Self,” use the idea of reflexivity as a mirror in which to view the culture being studied in a different manner. This use of reflexivity allows for the focus to stay on the culture being studied. A move away from this is the new branch of humanistic anthropology represented in this essay by Renato Rosaldo’s “Grief and a Headhunter’s Rage” and Ruth Behar’s “Anthropology that Breaks Your Heart” allows anthropologists to use reflexivity as a w...   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers]

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Ethnography

- Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity has recently been designated as an indicator of postmodernism in anthropological texts. In this context, the practice is attacked as self-indulgent narcissism, but its true scope reaches much further. While some ethnographic texts exhibit an overemphasis on the author, and his position within the work, this is one extreme of the range reflexivity, which also serves as a methodological tool, unincorporated into the writing, and as a means to account for the ethnographers biases and affects on his informants....   [tags: Ethnography Reflexivity Anthropology Essays]

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Reflexivity

- Reflexivity Anthropologists research and write. They participate and observe in order to produce ethnographies. While some anthropologists venture to “exotic” lands to study the “natives,” others conduct ethnographic research within their own culture. Despite the diverse cultures they examine and the use of a tape recorder instead of a pen and a notebook, the ethnographic process is virtually the same. Or is it. Although similarities between ethnographies exist, when it comes down to it, ethnographies differ from one anthropologist to the next and one culture to the next based on the writing techniques applied by the ethnographer, the position of the anthropologist (age, gender, class, cul...   [tags: Enthnography Anthropology Essays]

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Yanomamo

- Yanomamo The Yanomamo are a tribe of twenty thousand who live in about two hundred and fifty widely dispersed villages in Brazil and Venezuela. It was first thought that the Yanomamo were a group of hunter-gatherers, but contrary to that thought they actually cultivate their own crops for food. They also hunt and forage, but only as needed. While the Yanomamo travel for several weeks when the jungle fruits and vegetables are ripe, they are a tribal society settled in villages, which break into small groups to go off on collecting expeditions....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Physical and Behavioral Responses to Starvation and Famine in Warsaw Ghetto versus the West African Sahel

- Physical and Behavioral Responses to Starvation and Famine in Two Populations Introduction Famine is an event in which food and resources are inaccessible and the majority of a population is endangered (Shipton, 1990). When applied to starvation this definition is accurate with one additional idea: starvation is the result of inaccessibility to resources. Many factors contribute to the progression of famine and the resulting starvation. One of the key factors to consider is the delineation between naturally occurring and man-made starvation and famine....   [tags: Anthropology Famine Regions Comparison]

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Chinese Paleontologists Create a False Fossil Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs

- Chinese Paleontologists Create a False Fossil Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs An article published in January of 2000, “All mixed up over birds and dinosaurs”, by Richard Monastersky in Science News Online seems to put an interesting spin on a corresponding article published about six months earlier in the scientific journal Nature. The article in Science News Online seems to imply that the article “A dromaeosaurid dinosaur with a filamentous integument from the Yixian Formation of China,” could be referring to forged fossils made up by Chinese scientists in order to provide the missing fossil link between birds and dinosaurs....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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A Closer Look at Lucy: Sexual Dimorphism and Speciation in Australopithecus

- A Closer Look at Lucy: Sexual Dimorphism and Speciation in Australopithecus In his peer-reviewed article, “Sexing fossils: a boy named Lucy?,” James Shreeve discusses, in detail, a study on sexual dimorphism and possible speciation in Australopithecines in Hadar, Ethiopia, based on the famous A. afarensis specimen, “Lucy.” In the article, “Lucy’s kind takes humanlike turn,” the author addresses sexual dimorphism and speculates on sex-based differences in behaviors in A. afarensis. The two articles have differences and commonalities with each other in content and both present research methods and conclusions on topics including sexual dimorphism, sex-based behaviors, and speciation in Aus...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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America Alone: The End of the World as We Know It

- America Alone: The End of the World as We Know It Today, nearly seven billion people roam the Earth. Many of these people live in what is known as the Western World. The Western World are countries in or follow direct cultural laws of Europe. In reading Mark Steyn’s America Alone, one would discover that these Western Countries are slowly dying. Steyn writes that people called “Doom Mongers” believe that the demise is because of corruption or poverty or disease or even inflation. Those traits may exist, but the real reason for the fall is simply the fact that the birthrate of these countries cannot sustain the amount of older citizen deaths....   [tags: Culture Analysis Anthropology]

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Discoveries of the (Dinosaur) Incisivosaurus Gauthier, and (Hominid) Sahelanthropus Tchadensis

- Discoveries of the (Dinosaur) Incisivosaurus Gauthier, and (Hominid) Sahelanthropus Tchadensis In the year 2002 a bizarre looking theropod dinosaur fossil was found in China (Xu). It challenges the way researchers have been thinking of theropods and other dinosaurs for a long time. In the Sahara desert, the oldest hominid skull in the world was found that same year. These are just two of many discoveries that have challenged the way we perceive the ancient world. Incisivosaurus Gauthier was what is believed to be a primitive Oviraptorosaurian that was recently discovered in China....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Fossil Discovery Impacts Theory on Evolution of Birds and Flight

- Fossil Discovery Impacts Theory on Evolution of Birds and Flight In the past few decades, the hypothesis that birds evolved from dinosaurs has been widely accepted by many scientists because of fossil evidence. Now scientists are looking for ways to prove the origin of flight through extensive research of newly found fossils. The origin of flight has been debated between scientists for years, but without strong evidence, they have yet to come to a conclusion on the issue. The disagreement between the two sides is whether flight arose from creatures that lived in the trees or ones on the ground....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Understanding Early Man : Scientific Discovery vs. Emotionally Driven Hypothesis

- Understanding Early Man : Scientific Discovery vs. Emotionally Driven Hypothesis The ways in which we attempt to determine the history of early man say much more about who we are today, and who we will be tomorrow, and who we want to be today, and who we want to be tomorrow, than they do about who we were in the past. This statement comes from a person who knows little about science, and less about the specific scientific techniques used in archeological excavation and analysis. But it seems to me that much of the observations that are made in the study of early man are predicated as much on new theory as they are on old observation, and much of the old observation seems to be based on how...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Egalitarianism and the Cash Economy among the Central Kalahari San

- Egalitarianism and the Cash Economy among the Central Kalahari San Jiro Tanaka’s research on the Central Kalahari San explored the changes in the San society and determined the overall effects on the culture. Tanaka looked at a group of people who had recently switched from a hunting and gathering existence to a more sedentary way of life. She found that though there were differences in the everyday lives of the San, they were able to preserve their language, cultural identity, and egalitarian ideals....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays]

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The Debate Over the Origin of Modern Homo Sapiens

- The Debate Over the Origin of Modern Homo Sapiens There has been a great deal of heated debate for the last few decades about where modern Homo sapiens originated. From the battle grounds, two main theories emerged. One theory, labeled “Out-of-Africa” or “population replacement” explains that all modern Homo sapiens evolved from a common Homo erectus ancestor in Africa 100,000 years ago. The species began to spread and replace all other archaic human-like populations around 35,000 to 89,000 years ago....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Role of Fungus in the Extinction of Dinosaurs

- The Role of Fungus in the Extinction of Dinosaurs The debate over what ultimately killed off the dinosaurs is an area of great interest to not only scientists, but everyone. The dominant thought seems to be that an asteroid struck the earth at the end of the Cretaceous period and killed off much of the fauna and flora inhabiting the earth. However, the sequence of events following that mass extinction has been fairly blurry until a recent discovery, published in a recent issue of Science, by paleontologists Vivi Vajda and Stephen McLoughlin....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Savanna Theory Versus Aquatic Ape Theory of Human Evolution

- Savanna Theory Versus Aquatic Ape Theory of Human Evolution The evolution of man is constantly in question. While we are reasonably sure that modern humans and primates are both related to the same common ancestor, there is constant debate over what initially caused the two species to split into early hominids and apes. According to some, our longest and most popular theory on the division of man and ape is profoundly wrong. However, those same individuals usually offer an equally controversial theory as a substitute, one that is almost impossible to scientifically test or prove....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod

- The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod In the scientific article “A giant sauropod dinosaur from an upper Cretaceous mangrove deposit in Egypt,” by Joshua Smith, Matthew Lamanna, Kenneth Lacovara, and Peter Dodson it is indicated that a giant sauropod named Paralititan Stomeri was discovered in a desert area in western Egypt in 2001. The skeleton was dated back to ninety to one hundred million years ago, which is the late Cretaceous period. Paralititan is a sauropod, which is thought to be the second largest that has ever lived....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Toumai, The Oldest Relative of the Human Race

- Toumai, The Oldest Relative of the Human Race Discoveries relating to the human lineage are extremely exciting and often baffling. This is the case with the recent discovery of what seems to be the oldest member of the human family. A skull found in northern Chad in 2001, has been deemed the earliest relative to the human ever found. Nicknamed Toumai, and discovered by Michel Brunet and his paleontology team, this new category of human has been given the scientific name, Sahelanthropus tchaensis....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Cannibalism: From Dinosaurs to Modern Day Animal Participants

- Cannibalism: From Dinosaurs to Modern Day Animal Participants A cannibal is any animal that feeds on its own species (Lady Wild Life’s website).  This characteristic is rarely spoken of because it has such a negative connotation.  However, an estimate of 140 species from a large time scale, displayed cannibalistic tendencies (Lady Wild Life’s website).  Ranging from animals in the present time- lions, pigs, ants, otters, apes, poultry, mantis, spiders, scorpions, mice, etc., to approximately 100,000 years ago with the early humans, Neanderthals, to the beginning of the Mesozoic Era with possibly the first dinosaur, Coelophysis (Bossel et al 2001, Defleur et al 1999).  The reasons for res...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Microraptor: The Missing Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs

- Microraptor: The Missing Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs In December of 2000, three Chinese scientists reported the discovery of the smallest adult dinosaur ever found, a species that claims to tighten the evolutionary gap between dinosaurs and birds. The dinosaur’s specie name is Microraptor, and it is slowly restoring the integrity of a sect of paleontology that was discredited in November of 1999 after National Geographic printed a story on the discovery of a species known as Archeoraptor....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Herto Homo Sapiens and the Origin of Man

- Herto Homo Sapiens and the Questionable Origin of Man Many discoveries have been made that give more and more clues to the history of life on earth. Paleontologists find artifacts throughout the world that not only answer many questions but also raise many new ones. A topic that is still a mystery today is the origin of man. Scientists often debate over where man originated from and who some of his prehistoric relatives were. Some people think that all men are related, and that there has been inter breeding between different groups of men....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Microraptor Zhaoianus Discovery Strengthens the Dinosaur-Bird Connection Theory

- Microraptor Zhaoianus Discovery Strengthens the Dinosaur-Bird Connection Theory The evolutionary connection between dinosaurs and birds (that birds evolved from theropod dinosaurs) has long been theorized and is today generally accepted as a scientifically viable school of thought. Furthermore, several monumental discoveries have recently been made (21st century) in the area of the fossil record which have acted to solidify this evolutionary connection, drawing the evidentiary ties between dinosaurs and birds even closer together....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Discovery of Ardipithecus Kadabba, the Oldest Hominid

- The Discovery of Ardipithecus Kadabba, the Oldest Hominid During an excavation in the middle Awash Region of Ethiopia, Haille- Sellaise unearthed six hominid teeth. These were at first thought to be the fossilized teeth of Ardipithecus Ramidus. The teeth have now been determined to be from the late Miocene, and those of Ardipithecus Kadabba. These are the oldest hominid remains found, to date. Upon earlier digs in this region between 1997 and 2000, Haille- Sellasie discovered an earlier tooth and fragments of an arm bone....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Warm and Cold Blooded Nature of Dinosaurs

- The Warm and Cold Blooded Nature of Dinosaurs The debate of whether dinosaurs were cold blooded or warm blooded has been ongoing since the beginning of the century. At the turn of the century scientists believed that dinosaurs had long limbs and were fairly slim, supporting the idea of a cold blooded reptile. Recently, however, the bone structure, number or predators to prey, and limb position have suggested a warm blooded species. In addition, the recent discovery of a fossilized dinosaur heart has supported the idea that dinosaurs were a warm blooded species....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid

- Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid In July of 2001, a group of archeologists discovered the skull and jaw bone of the oldest member of the human family. The skull is a new discovery and was found in the Djurab Desert of Northern Chad by a group of archeologists lead by Michel Brunet, and is thought to be six to seven million years old (Walton). The age of the skull and jaw bone were approximated through the association of the fauna that were found with the fossils (Brunet)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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A New Genus of Hominins Found in Kenya

- A New Genus of Hominins Found in Kenya Whenever finding new fossils, most people get excited in learning more about the mysterious history of life on earth. No one fossil finding may be more important than another, but when discovering a fossil that adds a new genus name to a species, it gets exciting. This is especially true when the fossil gives more insight to the evolution of humans. In Kenya, a new genus of hominins was found. The new genus was assigned because this hominin had a combination of derived facial and primitive neurocranial features....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Transcending Evolution: The Human Consciousness, or The Soul

- The Human Consciousness, or The Soul In 1838 Charles Darwin wrote in his journal "Man in his arrogance thinks himself a great work worthy the interposition of a deity. More humble and I think truer to consider him created from animals". (Rachels, 1990) Daniel C. Dennett refers to Darwin's theory of evolution as a universal acid, a theory so powerful it seeps through every traditional concept and leaves behind a revolutionized world-view, resulting not only in a fundamental shift in the way in which we perceive ourselves as human beings, but more importantly, in the death of God....   [tags: Anthropology Philosophy Evolution Essays]

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Microraptor Gui: The Dinosaur with Four Wings

- Microraptor Gui: The Dinosaur with Four Wings Knowing that pterodactyls belong to a separate group of reptiles than dinosaurs, the thought of a dinosaur with wings may seem somewhat strange. But a fairly recent archeological find adds an extra detail to make this idea truly bizarre: a dinosaur with four wings. Microraptor gui, discovered by Xing Xu and colleagues, is believed to be a kind of missing link between strictly ground-dwelling dinosaurs and birds, namely Archaeopteryx, the earliest known creature to be considered a bird....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Discovery of Fossilized Dinosaur Eggs in Argentina

- Discovery of Fossilized Dinosaur Eggs in Argentina The difficulty in re-constructing dinosaurs for television and movies lies in the fact that not everything can be preserved. Fossilized bones create the skeleton of a dinosaur, thereby allowing scientists to study how they moved, how big they grew, and how different body parts worked as a whole. But what children see on television: the scaly green skin of the brontosaurs or the brown hair of a mastodon may not hold much fact. Unfortunately, particular physical features cannot be fossilized....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Theories Explaining the Demise of the Dinosaurs

- Theories Explaining the Demise of the Dinosaurs The chapter of life which saw the rise of the dinosaurs is one of the most fascinating periods in our earth’s history. It is often the subject which brings about young children’s first exposure to science. When these children learn about these intriguing prehistoric beasts, one of their primary inquiries concerns the cause of their annihilation. What could have led to the demise of all those creatures, who lived very successfully for millions of years....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Discovery of Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica

- The Discovery of Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica While working in Antarctica, two separate research teams with hundreds of miles between them each made astounding discoveries. They discovered dinosaur fossils. Antarctica has been home to many other dinosaur fossil finds but what was so special about these fossils is that they were from an unknown species of dinosaurs. Really what the discovery compliments is that the discovery of these fossils encourages the theory of plate tectonics and continental drift....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles

- The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles In the early 1800’s, a new discovery that left paleontologists in awe was the fossil finding of the immeasurable amount of species of reptiles, Ichthyosaurs. Greek for “fish lizards”, these fossils were found all over the world. Because these large aquatic reptiles migrated just as whales do today, paleontologists have had the amazing advantage of collecting fascinating bone fragments throughout the past 177 years. Ichthyosaurs swam the ocean life from about 245 million until about 90 million years ago- approximately the same time dinosaurs ruled the land....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Debate Over Birds and Feathered Dinosaurs

- The Debate Over Birds and Feathered Dinosaurs Because dinosaurs are animals that lived millions of years ago, we are entirely dependent on the fossils that they have left behind for any understanding that we hope to gain. As any paleontologist will tell you, fossil hunting is difficult. There are no certainties, no guarantees. A certain amount of luck is as valuable as any scientific knowledge. Every so often a discovery is made that attempts to shake up pre-conceived notions of how the dinosaurs actually lived or how they came to be....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Implications of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Toumai) Discovery

- Implications of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Toumai) Discovery Compared to the complete history of life on earth, human history is relatively brief. The earth is billions of years old and living organisms probably appeared some two to four billion years ago. Many different kinds of animals have been inhabiting the earth for hundreds of millions of years. Early hominids which are human like creatures are thought to have originated just 5 million years ago and modern humans around 100,000 years ago....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Sioux Indians, Tantanka Yotanka, Custer's Last Stand

- Sioux Indians, Tantanka Yotanka, Custer's Last Stand The Sioux Indians are a large Indian group, located North of Mexico. The actual Sioux name, Nadouessioux means little snakes. The Sioux Indians moved from the east and then ended up near the Mississippi, then moved again to somewhere around Dakota, a little north of Mexico. They referred to themselves as the Otecti Cacowin (Seven Council Fires) because they had 7 council divisions. They were Mdewakantons, Wahpekutes, Wahpetons, Sissetons, Yanktons, Yanktonais, and the Tentons....   [tags: Social Issues, Anthropology, History]

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The History of Earth's Mass Extinctions

- The History of Earth's Mass Extinctions The four billion year history of earth has witnessed five mass extinctions, and some scientists believe that we are on the verge of the sixth.1[1] If we are in the midst of the next mass extinction, we are in the very early stages of an evolving, and escalating process. The most recent, or fifth mass of the extinctions occurred 65 million years ago at the boundary between the Cretaceous and Tertiary periods. Images of an asteroid colliding with the planet, decimating the dinosaur population have been in circulation since the early 80’s.2[2] Being the most recent mass extinction, thousands of scientists around the world have investigated it, and el...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Warm Blooded Versus Cold Blooded Dinosaurs

- Warm Blooded Versus Cold Blooded Dinosaurs               At a time, scientists believed all dinosaurs were cold-blooded.  However, with a recent discovery of a dinosaur found with a fossilized heart in the northern part of South Dakota in 1993, many paleontologists are starting to think that there were some dinosaurs that were warm blooded.              Dinosaurs were first believed to be cold-blooded because they were thought to be related closely to reptiles which are cold-blooded creatures.  Cold-blooded animals don’t actually have “cold” blood, instead they rely on the temperature from their environment to regulate their own body temperature.  They do this by taking advantage of exter...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Examination of The Winton Dinosaur Project

- Examination of The Winton Dinosaur Project Findings in the Queensland, Australia Winton Dinosaur project show that the sauropod named "Elliot" may have died with his mate by his side (Salleh 2003). Anna Salleh from ABC Science Online discusses the new fossil evidence found by Dr. Steve Salisbury from the University of Queensland, who is one of the leading researchers on the Winton Project (2003). Dr. Alex Cook and assistants Scott Hocknull and Dr. Steve Salisbury lead the Winton Project. Elliot is one of the largest dinosaurs found to date in Australia, dating to about 98-95 million years ago (Beirne 2001)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Debate Over Dinosaur Nostril Positioning

- The Debate Over Dinosaur Nostril Positioning Where should the nostril on dinosaur models be placed. Although it seems like a rather simple question, it is a topic that has been recently researched so that scientists can feel reassured in creating anatomically correct models of dinosaurs. Amniotes (a group which in the Triassic spilt into reptiles and synapsids and which include dinosaurs), have large nasal openings, but since the nostril is made up of flesh and cartilidge, it is almost always not preserved in the fossil record (Lauren and Gauthier 1996)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Implications of the Dinosaur Heart Discovery

- Implications of the Dinosaur Heart Discovery The article from Science News, “Telltale Dino Heart Hints at Warm Blood”, by Tina Hesman and the Journal article it was based on from Science, ”Cardiovascular Evidence for an Intermediate or Higher Metabolic Rate in an Ornithischian Dinosaur”, by Paul Fisher and others both offer a new perspective on the topic to be discussed, however there are some key differences between the two articles. How the two articles differ will be discussed later on in the paper....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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