Your search returned over 400 essays for "anthropology"
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In Darkness and Secrecy: The Anthropology of Assault Sorcery and Witchcraft in Amazonia

- Magic can be a dangerous and mysterious force for those who believe. Those faithful who reside in the Amazon are always wary for the perceived effects of magic. Whether it be assault sorcery, dark shamanism, or witchcraft those that hold to these beliefs are ever watchful. Shamans however can also bring light and understanding to the people of their land. They heal, guide, and protect those they love and cherish. The book In Dark and Secrecy allows us to read the observation of Dominique Buchillet who observed the Desana shamans and people of the Upper Rio Negro Region of Brazil....   [tags: shamans, magic]

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An Environmental Anthropology of Waste in Cairo Contexts, Dimensions and Trends

- A Timeline of Waste in Cairo Despite the fact that MSW is a responsibility of governments and municipalities, the earliest form of waste management system that has ever been known in Cairo was established by people not by authorities, a collaboration that dates back to the beginning of the last century. The first societal authority in this parallel government was a group of migrants from the Dakhla oasis in the western Egyptian desert. They were called Wahiya which means ‘oasis people’. They settled in Cairo and embarked themselves on managing the city’s waste as a living ....   [tags: municipal solid waste management]

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The Issue of Female Circumcision from a Medical Anthropology Perspective

- It is estimated that about 100 million women are circumcised (Toubia 1994,712). Female Circumcision or Female Genital Cutting or Female Genital Mutilation as it is also known is a very important issue that deserves much attention and understanding. Female Circumcision is closely related to women’s sexuality and reproductive role, which is why it has strong cultural significance to those that have the procedure done (Toubia 1994,712). The practice is done in a variety of cultural and ethnic groups (Toubia 1994,712)....   [tags: women circumcision, females]

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The Downfall of Kinship

- The Downfall of Kinship(Question 2) In the past, kinship has been an integral part of explaining societies in the anthropological field, as it is one of the bases of social structure in most societies to varying degrees. However, with the eventual spread of what is modernly western ideals, the importance of kinship was lost and thought to be outdated for western philosophy. So, with the western ideals and the newer action of globalization, making these western ideals the norm, kinship is seen as less important for societal structure, though moderately important from a biological perspective....   [tags: Anthropology ]

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The Batek of Malaysia

- One of the most interesting indigenous groups in the world is the Batek of Malaysia, this is a group of people that live in the oldest rain forest of peninsular Malaysia. Orang ASli means “Original people” in the native Malay Language, and they truly are the original people of the land. Being a nomadic group of hunters and gatherers, means that they are at the mercy of the land and the elements for survival. Batek beliefs note that, the rainforest was created by “superhuman” beings for the Batek to use and will destroy the world and everything on it if the Batek were ever to leave the rainforest ( K.M....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The Way of Tlachtli

- Since the early 1400s BCE, people of this era have played one of the earliest known forms of a sport that involves two teams and a rubber ball played on a court. Based on archaeological evidence, Tlachtli (which translates in English to “ball game”) is thought to have been played by the civilizations of Mesoamerica including the Aztec, Maya, Olmec, and Toltec. The game was more than a sport to these people. It was a means of settling conflicts and maintaining social harmony, it was a very important part in the ritualistic lives of those cultures....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The Origin Modern Humans

- The origin of modern humans is a matter of debate. There are two different theories regarding the origin of modern humans or Homo sapiens. The first and primary theory states modern humans emerged in one place and from a single origin. This theory is known as the Recent African Origin Model. It suggests that modern humans are the product of speciation during the late Pleistocene in Africa. Homo sapiens eventually migrated out of Africa to Eurasia, and replaced all other human populations, without interbreeding....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Witchcraft, Magic and Rationality

- Witchcraft, Magic and Rationality Social Anthropology seeks to gauge an understanding of cultures and practices whether they are foreign or native. This is achieved through the studying of language, education, customs, marriage, kinship, hierarchy and of course belief and value systems. Rationality is a key concept in this process as it affects the anthropologist’s interpretation of the studied group’s way of life: what s/he deems as rational or plausible practice. Witchcraft and magic pose problems for many anthropologists, as its supernatural nature is perhaps conflicting to the common Western notions of rationality, mainly deemed superior....   [tags: Social Anthropology]

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A comparison of Behar’s The Vulnerable Observer and Tsing’s In the Realm of the Diamond Queen

- When presented with ethnographic works, the first thing one would normally do would be to compare. The Vulnerable Observer by Ruth Behar and In the Realm of the Diamond Queen by Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, both demonstrate key factors that prove to be prevalent throughout the anthropological world today. Through the examination of each piece, it is clear that they both share similar restrictions, trials and tribulations. As both books begin to unravel, the themes of marginality and borders (in a multitude of contexts) rise to the surface....   [tags: ruth behar, anthropology, ana tsing]

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Exploring the Anthropological Principles in Paine´s Common Sense

- In the 1776 document Common Sense by Thomas Paine, Paine tries to convince the American colonies that they are being fraternized by Britain under false pretenses, and that they should claim their freedom from their oppressive and manipulative rule immediately. In doing so, Paine actually highlights many of the principles of the Classical Christian Anthropology, the doctrine that our founding fathers initially instilled into the framework America. He also gives examples of the British government to emphasize the principles of Modern Anthropology, and to juxtapose against the Classical Christian Anthropology, or the government of the American colonies....   [tags: anthropology, Thomas Paine, american government]

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Race in America

- When Europeans arrived in the America, they encountered people whom they had never before seen. The natives were viewed as savage and uncivilized, regardless of their well-established culture and presence. As the colonies formed and Africans began their slave-bound voyages to America, many colonists perceived them as inferior. Eurocentrism allowed for a foundation on which the race concept was built and flourished. As research shows, there is only one species of human beings, Homo sapiens. “Race,” used as a construct to stratify societies, is not a reference to biological variation....   [tags: Anthropology, Discrimination, Eurocentrism]

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What Does Culture Shape Our Ideas Of Health And Illness?

- Through week 9 of Cultural Anthropology, our subject involved health and illness. I feel this topic is one of the most important throughout the entire book because it pertains to literally everyone. Health and illness is brought into examination through a variety of questions throughout this chapter. For instance, Guest presents the question of how does culture shape our ideas of health and illness. Furthermore, while reading through Guest’s chapter, I came to a better understanding of how health and illness does not just involve one individual....   [tags: Medicine, Health care, Anthropology, Culture]

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An Anthropological Perspective From A Medical Framework

- An anthropological perspective to medicine is necessary in this day and age because our world is becoming metaphorically smaller due to globalization. Therefore, it would be advantageous to all people if we created a more globally integrated approach to medicine. By asking the right questions, such as how does medical terminology vary across cultures; in what ways do cultures differ in how they treat illnesses; and what illnesses are globally recognized, etc. will help us integrate culture within a medical framework....   [tags: Medicine, Culture, Anthropology, Health care]

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Postmodern Multicultural Society

- The evolution of a postmodern multicultural society places a premium on increased understanding of issues surrounding culture and ethnic identity. Anthropology has traditionally defined culture as the sum total of artifacts (language, customs, tools/technology, institutions, etc.) that make up a human society. From a psychological perspective, it is useful to focus on the processes of symbolic communication that sanction the coherence of human societies and enable them to evolve such a variety of artifacts....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Gender Roles]

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Alphone Bertillon's System

- Alphonse Bertillon was born in Paris on April 24, 1853. He was the son of the distinguished physician, anthropologist, and physician, Louis Adolphe Bertillon (bookrags.com). Young Alphonse was seen as hopeless through his fathers eyes. He often suffered from migraine headaches, and nosebleeds, and was very shy and lacked social skills. However, the young Bertillon was not a complete loss, he was an intellectual who had a thirst for knowledge and shared his father's interest in statistics and anthropology (http://jimfisher.edinboro.edu)....   [tags: Biography, Advances, Anthropology]

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Functionalism and Marxism

- In the history of anthropology and sociology, there have been many different social theories. Often these theories are influential for a period of time and then lose popularity once a new, more seductive theory is established. Marxism and functionalism are two examples of social theories that made a grand impact on the anthropological and sociological fields, but have since faded from the forefront. Marxism was established by Karl Marx in the mid-1800s and was later adopted by other theorists, such as Marvin Harris....   [tags: history of anthropology and sociology]

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The Harm Dilemma

- Anthropologists face ethical decisions every day, in which they must balance the often competing interests of their obligations against the demands that are placed upon them. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines ethical behaviour as “conforming to accepted standards of conduct”. For Anthropologists, the ethical risks faced in fieldwork are defined by their ethical obligations. This paper will discuss, in a limited scope, both the ethical risks of fieldwork and the obligations of an anthropologist....   [tags: ethics, anthropology, risk]

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The Theory Of Sociology And Its Structure And Problems

- Sociology is defined as the study of society, and its structure and problems. The concept of sociology supports many of the welfare systems that are in place in the UK today. As a subject, it deals with topics such as gender, race and class, and how these relates to society as a whole. Students will deal with big questions, like, crime and punishment and class structure, and carry out research on everything from human rights to social change. Sociology is a scientific study of human behaviour, how it was created, organised and developed and what it may be like in the future....   [tags: Sociology, Anthropology, Social work, Psychology]

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Chinese Cultural Anthropology

- Cultures have many things in common. Most things that cultures have in common are necessary to survive, such as fire and language. But there are always even more than the things necessary. Some things include music, luck superstitions, and athletic sports. In the Chinese culture, music is usually traditional. There are instruments made of many materials, usually stone and wood, in addition to silk, bamboo, clay, and many other materials. The purpose of music in Chinese culture is not to amuse but cleanse one?s thoughts....   [tags: essays research papers]

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National Conflict and Dispute

- Introduction Disputes and conflicts are mostly caused by race, gender, culture, language, ideologies and religion. These factors are inter-related for it shows the differences of people in every way that causes arguments, debates and misunderstanding either internationally or locally. Numerous times of debates and advocacy between who is dominant and who is subordinate has been a great input in the making of our history which until now, is still being added. Disputes and conflicts in this era is just repeating history therefore, history speaks for itself....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture Conflict, September 11]

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The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer

- The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer Works Cited Missing The role of the reflexive ethnographer has been constantly defined and redefined since the beginning of the study of anthropology. The use of reflexivity has and will always be questioned in anthropology. Malinowski, who was a pioneer in the field of anthropology, discouraged the use of reflexivity; he, instead, believed that anthropology was scientific and could produce “concrete evidence” (Malinowski 17). Reflexivity is way in which anthropologists try to get rid of this scientific and rigid anthropology; it is a move towards an emotional and self-reflective anthropology....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Essays]

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Environmental Destruction: A Philosophical-Anthropological Perspective

- Environmental Destruction: A Philosophical-Anthropological Perspective It is no secret anylonger that the ecological crisis puts mankind as a whole to an existential test which have to be solved in practice and in theory. So, by this the vast amount of literature can be explained which consequently led to the emergence of an own "genre" — the so called "ecoliterature" which herself is really dissonant and ambigious. In the meantime — besides other sources — almost all sciences take part in such kind of discussions what obviously can be traced back to the fact that the ecological crisis is such a substantial phenomena which leads therefore to numerous perceptions and different point of view...   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Environment Essays]

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Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research

- Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research ABSTRACT: This approach holds that the problem of humanity determines the history of culture. On the basis of theory developed by Max Scheler, I try to work out the main characteristics of cultural process, the typology of culture, and the periodization of culture. The humanities in Russia are in the midst of a methodological crisis now, and I hope that this approach will help us obtain a fuller understanding of culture. There's not a secret that Russian Humanities are in a methodological crisis now....   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Essays]

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Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing

- Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing The role of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing has certain advantages and limits, as it gives the discipline of anthropology another form of interpreting ethnographies. Reflexivity, in terms of work of anthropology, is to insist that anthropologists systematically and rigorously reveal their methodology and themselves as the instrument of data generation. It is the self-consciousness or the work's ability to see itself as a work. There are various styles of reflexivity in ethnographic writing and Dorinne Kondo, Renato Rosaldo, and George Marcus are three anthropologists that influenced the role of reflexivity through their ethn...   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]

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Anthropology: An Obeservation of Real Life Interactions Among a Group of Friends

- For my subgroup project, I decided to observe a group of teenage boys. Located at the intersection of Fullerton and central. The location seemed like any other McDonalds except the arrangement of the sits. They have a wide range of chairs and furniture located in the side of the entrance while the front part was wide. My subgroup was located in the side of the McDonalds near the restrooms. The methods I used were participant observation, informal interviewing, and formal interviewing. While I conducted my observations on Tuesdays and Thursdays....   [tags: observation, interviewing, pattern]

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The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography

- The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography Reflexivity, as I understand it, is very well named.It is the practice of reflecting upon oneself and one’s work, of being self-aware and self-critical. In anthropology, it is well exemplified by the work of Renato Rosaldo, Ruth Behar, and Dorinne Kondo, among others. In its most obvious form (or at least the form most obvious to me), reflexivity is manifest in the practice of an ethnographer including herself in her own ethnographic research---seeing herself not as an “unbiased, impartial” (Malinowski 18) observer, but as an essential and un-removable part of her study....   [tags: Anthropology Science Essays]

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Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research

- Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research Works Cited Missing The use of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing is used to insist that the anthropologist has systematically and rigorously revealed their methodology and their self as the instrument of data collection and generation. Reflexivity can play a variety of roles in ethnographic writings as observed in the works of Renato Rosaldo, Dorinne Kondo, and Ruth Behar. These three anthropologists all use reflexivity in different ways to convey their findings and feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Ethnography Papers]

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Role of Mutated Gene in the Evolution of Large Brained, Small-Jawed Humans

- Role of Mutated Gene in the Evolution of Large Brained, Small-Jawed Humans The debate with-in the anthropology field has been heated over the evolution of the human and the events that have lead us to where we are now. One of the major questions that is debated is how did we, humans-large brained and small jawed, evolve from primates-large jawed and small brained. Interestingly enough, this debate is now being directed from outside the field; by biologists and plastic surgeons. On march 25, 2004, Doctors Stedman (and others) published their findings in Nature (VOL 428) under the title Myosin gene mutation correlates with anatomical changes in the human lineage....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Social Interaction of a Men’s Soccer Team

- The Social Interaction of a Men’s Soccer Team In the field of Anthropology, there have been numerous studies on soccer and the different social plays that the sport contains. Groundbreaking and controversial writings such as Marcelo Mario Suarez-Orozco’s, A Study of Argentine Soccer: The Dynamics of Its Fans and Their Folklore (1982) study the fans and symbolism that surround the game. However, a key element that is often disregarded by anthropologists is the players themselves. Dismissed as the realm of journalists, most studies seem to shy away from the social interaction and symbolism that occurs within the team, and instead focus on how the fans view the game and the games role and sym...   [tags: Anthropology Sports Athletics Essays]

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Sexual Dimorphism and Human Evolution

- Introduction The topic of gender differences must understandably be approached with caution in our modern world. Emotionally charged and fraught with ideas about political correctness, gender can be a difficult subject to address, particularly when discussed in correlation to behavior and social behavior. Throughout history, many people have strove to understand what makes men and women different. Until the modern era, this topic was generally left up to religious leaders and philosophers to discuss....   [tags: Anthropology Dimorphism Evolution Sexuality]

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Initial List of Intriguing cultural differences. There are no toilet seat covers in LondonPeople walk much faster here

- Initial List of Intriguing cultural differences. There are no toilet seat covers in LondonPeople walk much faster here. There are no toilet seat covers in London people walk much faster here crossing the streets is extremely dangerous. People on the tube won’t acknowledge your presence everyone is an aggressive driver young children take the tube alone to school and back if you talk on the tube you receive dirty looks. In the first week or so I found some of my observations to be quite odd, and wondered how people were able to live with conditions such as these....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Interrelation of Physical and Social Characteristics in Society

- Interrelation of Physical and Social Characteristics in Society Cultures on this planet are infinitely diverse and quite different from each other as well. Many of the customs and rituals that are practiced in the United States are diverse in nature as well, but are similar in more ways to each other than to cultures in other regions of the world. It seems that a great deal of a culture’s core stems from their surrounding environment, and the pressures that this puts on those trying to live there....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s Excavation at Troy

- Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s Excavation at Troy Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s ability to challenge academic establishment make him an appealing yet dubious character. The German’s late nineteenth century excavations of Truva are often considered to have shed new light on ancient history or ‘undoubtedly destroyed a great deal of archaeological data that will forever be lost[1]. Despite the praise and glorification that surrounds the romantic stems of Schliemann’s work; his excavations have proved limited to the evolution of archaeology and ancient history....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Lord, What is Man?

- ABSTRACT: In this essay, philosophical anthropology is considered from the viewpoint of biblical exegesis. Our summons to self-knowledge is discussed in the light of immanence of the Kingdom of God in the human being. Humanity is argued to consist of a three-fold structure: outer, inner, and divine. Psalms 144:3 The theme of my paper is philosophical anthropology in its proper sense, i.e., the understanding of human nature. Philosophy is a speculative discipline and we have to choose a basis for our reasoning....   [tags: Philosophical Philosophy Anthropology Papers]

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The Key of Reflexivity

- The Key of Reflexivity What gives me the right to judge. As a studying anthropologist, what constitutes me the right to study “Others” and proclaim my perception of the “studied” is correct. Since the development of writing, authors have fell victim to their own misconceptions of a studied group or culture. Even I, right now as I type away at this keyboard am judging and studying the works of other authors. Whether I take a critical or a supportive view of the writings is obsolete, what matters is how my personal life experiences as a studying anthropologist can lead to legitimate findings....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]

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Reflexivity: Crossing That Line

- Reflexivity: Crossing That Line Traditionally, ethnographic works had always been about objective studies of the “other.” The discipline attempts to use non-biased methods to research of our subjects to qualify anthropology into the category of science. However, an increasing number of anthropologists begin to question the existence of objectivity in fieldwork. More recently, some anthropologists advocate the incorporation of the self, or the use of reflexivity, in the research to acknowledge our biases; at the same time, enhance the quality of our ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]

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Cinderella's Theories

- The classic fairy tale of Cinderella easily connects with three different perspectives of social science – anthropology, sociology and psychology. Anthropology, being the study of cultures, relates to Cinderella regarding how the characters were brought up through their cultural background. The perspective of sociology – people within groups and social structures – explains how and why the different conflicts arise within the story. Psychology studies mental processes and behaviour, analysing Freudian decisions of Cinderella and what might have been her mental state in the fairy tale....   [tags: Social Science, Anthropology, Sociology]

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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

- Body Ritual Among the Nacirema What is the precise geographical location of this strange tribe, the Nacirema. The Nacirema is a North American group living in the territory between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles. Little is known of their origin, though tradition states that they came from the east. What are the private and secret shrines of the Nacirema. In the Nacirema, the belief is that the human body is ugly and that its natural tendency is to debility and disease....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Wilderness Areas are Under Threat

- Examine the ways in which the unique indigenous lifestyles found in wilderness areas are under threat. A significant proportion of the world’s population – about 300 million people – are described as indigenous, or native, peoples. They belong to a rich and diverse array of cultures spread across the globe. Indigenous peoples are defined as the descendents of those people who inhabited an area before it was colonised by Europeans, or before a modern state was established there. Where groups of indigenous peoples have survived it is often because they live in extreme geographic and climatic conditions – very wet or cold, extremely hot or dry....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider

- The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider I read everything I could find. I spoke with natives who were visiting the United States. I studied the language diligently. I scrutinized pictures, noting each detail. Nothing prepared me for that first long walk along a Beijing street. I smelled for the first time, the smells that were to become a familiar component of my three-month stay in The People's Republic of China. I made eye contact with people who had formerly just been captured still-lifes on a reference book's glossy page....   [tags: China Anthropology Study Abroad Essays]

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Zulu Culture

- The Zulus tribe is an independent clan and the largest ethnic group in South Africa. The Zulu clan reputation is well known for their proud, fierce, and barbaric behavior. According to Ethnologies, in 1816 a new chief Shaka Zulu conquered and created a nation that was named after him. His descendants made up the Zulu clan. During the year of 1820, Native Africans did not have any political rights. The king of the Zulu ethnic groups or clans was the only one allowed to have judicial and legislative power....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Ethnography Reflection

- 1. Raybeck used most of the techniques on page 71 in Thinking Like an Anthropologist. He established key informants including Yusof and Mat, administered oral surveys to prostitutes, collected kin relations, and mapped the community. He also participated in the night guard (jaga) to learn the layout of the community, get to know his fellow villagers, and perform his civic duty. (26, 54-55, 62, 112) 2. Raybeck incorporated life histories and case studies as well as the semantic differential, a psycholinguistic instrument to quantitative analyze the connotations of concepts....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Social Discrimination

- During the Spring of 2012, The University of Southern Mississippi's basketball team made their first appearance at the NCAA tournament since 1991. The team played against Kansas State University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During the second half of the game, Kansas State was defeating the University of Southern Mississippi, due to their freshman point guard Angel Rodriguez who contributed many points. The Wildcats were leading the game by 70-64. As Angel Rodriguez was performing a free throw, some University of Southern Mississippi prep band students chanted “Where's your green card?” This incident made national headline news and labeled the band students of the University of Southern Missi...   [tags: Anthropology ]

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Culture and Race

- Culture and Race Anthropologists have always had their discrepancies with the word culture and its background significance. There have been numerous definitions that have filtered through the field, yet not one that everyone can accept or agree with. Franz Boas, an anthropologist in the early 20th Century, and his students, had a difficult time figuring out the objective of what culture is. Culture is about learning and shared ideas about behaviour. Although Boas and his students had a slightly different idea in mind....   [tags: Anthropology Sociology Essays]

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Analysis Of Gringo Management, South Of The Border

- Gringo Management, South of the Border As companies grow and put heavier weight on the importance of globalization, the need for companies to partake in cultural learning becomes more and more vital. With the various cultures worldwide, companies will find it highly beneficial to not only learn what makes the people within these cultures tick, but more importantly, apply it to their business strategies. In order to successfully manage, merge, or trade with other countries, one must understand how cultures differ from each other and what steps they need to take to be successful when conducting business with these cultures....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Cultural anthropology]

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Race and Ethnicity According to Anthropologists

- Race and Ethnicity According to Anthropologists Examining the ideas and beliefs within ones own cultural context is central to the study of Anthropology. Issues of Race and Ethnicity dominate the academic discourses of various disciplines including the field of Anthropology. Race and Ethnicity are controversial terms that are defined and used by people in many different ways. This essay shall explore the ways in which Anthropologists make a distinction between race and ethnicity and how these distinctions serve as frames for cross-cultural comparison and analysis....   [tags: Anthropology Race Ethnic Racial Essays]

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Biological Differences that Exist Between Individuals in a Population

- Biological Differences that Exist Between Individuals in a Population Physical anthropologists view humans as biological organisms. Coupled with genetics and biochemistry, scientists can form a more complete picture of human anatomy, both past and present. Physical anthropology looks at human variation and evolution. Variation looks at the biological differences that exist between individuals within a population and at individuals between populations (e.g., body shape, size, and physiological responses)....   [tags: Biology Science Evolution Anthropology Essays]

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Polygyny benefits Society

- Polygyny benefits Society Polygyny, the social arrangement that permits a man to have more than one wife at the same time, exists in all parts of the world. From our present knowledge, there are very few primitive tribes in which a man is not allowed to enter into more than one union. In fact, ethologists now believe that only one to two percent of all species may be monogamous (Tucker). None of the simian species are strictly monogamous; our closest relatives, the chimpanzees, practice a form of group marriage....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Understanding Cultures in Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS and Doing Fieldwork among the Ya̧nomamö

- Claire E. Sterk in her article, Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS, highlights the experiences of women engaged in a centuries-old profession in metropolitan Atlanta and New York City that is now plagued by the onslaught of a cureless disease. Whereas, in Doing Fieldwork among the Ya̧nomamö, Napoleon A. Chagnon immerses himself into the society of a Venezuelan tribe, which has a complex set of customs that he must understand first in order to document a comprehensive genealogy of the tribe....   [tags: Anthropology Essays]

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Analysis of the Silk Road’s Impact on Cultural Diffusion.

- Part A Plan of Investigation This investigation attempts to analyze the Silk Road’s impact on cultural diffusion. The Silk Road was a trade route connecting Eastern China to the Mediterranean regions. It was incredibly important because it brought Europe, Asia, and the Middle East together in trade, and allowed them to trade goods and ideas. The parameters are the cultural diffusion east meets west and the spread of religion. It will focus on the time period between the 2nd and the late 17th centuries and the places investigated will be the west, (made up of Europe and the Middle-East) and the east (which refers to most of Asia, although in this investigation it will focus mostly on China)...   [tags: history, anthropology]

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The Study of Human Race and Ethnicity

- Physical and Biological anthropologists have proven that human race indeed exists and is valid. Through modern bone analysis techniques like midfacial measurements and femur traits for example, we are now able to distinguish the biological background of different Homo sapiens. Forensic anthropologists identify human remains based on their race. Race is the key to science. The biggest misconception of race is racism. Race has become this controversial topic that is considered taboo in today’s society....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology]

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Causes of Language Death and Endangered Languages

- This essay will discuss the causes of language death and if endangered languages are worth saving. This essay agrees that endangered languages are worth saving and that many factors contribute to language death. Firstly the essay will explain what language death is and the meaning of what is an endangered language. Secondly discuss language death and language birth. Thirdly discuss the causes of language death. Lastly, critically discuss if endangered languages are worth saving. The purpose of this essay is to show that language death is much higher than language birth....   [tags: Linguistics, Anthropology]

Term Papers
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Rituals of the Baptist Collegiate Ministry

- My goal for this assignment was to collect and analyze ritual practices within the American society. I began my research by attending a religious service in the Baptist Collegiate Ministry (BCM) at the University of Georgia. The religious service was held in their chapel, located on the intersection of Lumpkin and Baldwin Street. Their religious services are every week on Tuesdays at 7pm. On the Tuesday of November 12, I attended one their ritual services to record my observations for my anthropological work....   [tags: Anthropology Essays]

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1281 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Healing and Biomedical Practices within Communities

- Medical anthropologists have sought to understand and critique the similarities and differences between the social and cultural authority held by folk healing and biomedical practices. The understanding and critique come from the desire to learn more about relationships between a sick person and a healer/doctor. This relationship is a crucial piece in analyzing how social authority, which “involves the control of action through giving of commands” (Joralemon 2010:69), and cultural authority, which “entails the construction of reality through definitions of fact and value” (Joralemon 2010:69) are formed, used and sustained within a medical community....   [tags: medical anthropology]

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919 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Anthropologists Benedict, Williams, and Geertz

- When it comes to sociology there are many different theories that need a critical in-depth analysis. The anthropologists that study the subjective and objective sides of culture and societies accomplish this. They break down these topics and inspect them from every aspect. They study, interpret, and criticize every part of their subject in order to completely understand it. Whether it’s diversity or the economy, Benedict, Williams, and Geertz analyze the major and subtler ideologies to their cores....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology]

Research Papers
3334 words | (9.5 pages) | Preview

Dead Men Do Tell Tales

- Dead Men Do Tell Tales In the book, Dead Men Do Tell Tales, by William R. Maples, Ph.D. and Michael Browning, a story is told in how the dead, no matter how dead, still “talk” to us. The book is appropriately titled because, according to Dr. Maples, truth is discoverable, truth wants to be discovered (2). Dr. Maples tells us of what it is like to be a Forensic Anthropologist. Dr. Maples does not hold anything back in any of his descriptions, from the smell of corpses to the explanations of maggots....   [tags: William R. Maples Forensic Anthropology Essays]

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2534 words | (7.2 pages) | Preview

Erosion: Destruction and Renewal

- Nothing in this world lasts forever. Everything at some point must come to an end. Very rarely is this end an abrupt, immediate change. More often, it is a slow, gradual, breakdown. Little by little, nature chips away, each blow building on the last until, like a Jenga tower, everything falls and collapses. Given sufficient time and energy, everything grinds away into nothing more than dust and memories. Erosion will grind down the tallest of mountain peaks, into low, flat plains. Nothing in life can exist eternally; it must be broken down....   [tags: History Anthropology]

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906 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Neanderthal Extinction

- Neanderthal Extinction   Neanderthals and modern humans coexisted for well over 100,000 years.  Then suddenly Homo neandertalensis began to die out and surrender the earth to Homo sapiens.  Paleontologists and anthropologists have entertained several possibilities to the causes of this event: interbreeding among Neanderthals and humans, competition for natural resources, and Darwin’s theory of “survival of the fittest.”  What the real cause has been has plagued scientists for years. Now, due to an international research team from Germany, those possibilities have been even further deduced, making it easier to pinpoint the exact reason Homo neandertalensis became extinct....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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711 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Global Culture

- Global Culture Modern technology has extended human life and levels of comfort. But it also has destroyed thousands of cultures. Today the world's people speak about 6,000 languages, a good measure of diversity; by the year 2100 the number of languages could drop to 3,000 as traditional cultures change. According to convergence theory, modernization will bring Western and non-Western countries together by breaking down cultural barriers to produce a global society. Countering this view is divergence theory, which emphasizes the growing separation between Western and non-Western cultures....   [tags: Anthropology]

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481 words | (1.4 pages) | Preview

Homo Sapiens

- Find in this article Print article Send us feedback More Media (4 items) Article Outline Introduction, Classification, Structure and Physiology, Behavior, Cultural Attributes, Other Definitions I. IntroductionPrint section Human, common name given to any individual of the species Homo sapiens and, by extension, to the entire species. The term is also applied to certain species that were the evolutionary forerunners of Homo sapiens (see Human Evolution). Scientists consider all living people members of a single species....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Antrhopology and Its Groups

- Anthropology is the study of people. (Gusterson) This can be social, physical or culture and also be past, present and future. Anthropology is considered a social science and is divided into several sub groups. Sociocultural, physical, archeological and linguistically are the four many groups with many offsets. Anthropology is considered a metaphorical science or social science. (Moore) Like many comparative science conjecture comes first and proof second. Sociocultural anthropologist studies the communal patterns and conducts, with definite consideration to how people live in certain areas and how they govern and organize themselves....   [tags: Types of Studies]

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449 words | (1.3 pages) | Preview

Preserving Minority Languages

- Language has been used as a means of communication among society members as time began. Each and every community has its own unique language, which is used to convey a certain message from the sender to the recipient. For a language to be appreciated as a means of communication among society members, it should be clear, simple to use and understandable among the users. There are approximately six thousand different languages, which are used in the whole world. Such languages are unique and distinct from each....   [tags: Anthropology Globalization]

Term Papers
1815 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Cultural Approach For Organization Is A Theory That Was Written By Clifford Geertz And Michael Pacanowsky

- Cultural approach to organization is a theory that was written by Clifford Geertz and Michael Pacanowsky. The theory looks into how organizations and business have their own corporate culture with in its environment. Culture is a set of meanings that are shared and understood among the employees. The theory explores what exactly cultural is in a corporate context and how it effects the environment, and once culture is established can it be changed. Theories are a set of systematic hunches, which mean they have multiple parts that play a role in the overall idea of what exactly a theory is....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Ethnography]

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1205 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of The Article ' Body Ritual Among The Veldt ' By Horace Miner

- The author Horace Miner’s article “Body Ritual among the Nacirema” is a comment on the vanity that is present in the American culture. He focuses on a North American Group, which he considers Naciremas which is Americans backwards. Horace Miner demonstrates that attitudes or daily rituals have a convincing sway on numerous establishments in Nacirema society. The writer uses many metaphors to describe this vanity including his statement that “women” try to cover up their impurities by applying makeup in addition to getting surgeries and other things to fix what they think is wrong....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Cultural relativism]

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1627 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

The Day Of The Dead A Distinction Between Dia De Los Muertos And Halloween

- In digging the day of the dead a distinction between Dia de los Muertos and Halloween is made, the purpose, to highlight the differences and showing the importance and significance of Dia de los Muertos. This ethnography begins by loosely describing Halloween in American culture, it is described as a day where “children dress up as grotesque corpses” and a celebration empty of historic or cultural significance and knowledge. The author Juanita Garciagodoy, later goes on to describe Dia de los Muertos in a romanticized way, by statin that the dead “are not forgotten or excluded from recollections, prayer, or holidays because they are no longer visible” Garciagodoy then goes on to tell a heart...   [tags: Culture, The Culture, Anthropology]

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A Test of the Effectiveness of the Undiluted Bleach Method in Defleshing Remains

- The ability to effectively remove soft tissue from the skeleton without compromising surface morphology or overall bone integrity is essential to a thorough and complete analysis by a forensic anthropologist. There is no agreement among forensic anthropologists regarding the best method for defleshing skeletal remains. Choosing the most appropriate method for defleshing remains and exposing the unique features of the individual must be done with consideration of the forensic context of the remains....   [tags: forensic anthropology techniques]

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1279 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Speech : Head Over Heels, By Tears For Fears From The Big Chair

- Right now, as I write this essay, I am listening to “Head Over Heels” by Tears For Fears from the album Songs From The Big Chair. This is an example of my culture. The music I listen to, that has been passed down from my parents, is part of my everyday life and defines me as a human being. It’s not just the music itself, but the style of music. It differentiates me from other cultures, such as Spanish, as they listen to a perceivably different type of music. The fact that I value this record so much reveals the values of my culture....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Cultural relativism]

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804 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Did the Mayan Civilization Collapse as a Result of Drought?

- Ever since the collapse of the once powerful Maya civilization, people have been trying to find out what caused it. Authors of the article, "“Climate and the Collapse of Maya Civilization”", which include Gerald Haug, Detlef Günther, Larry Peterson, Daniel Sigman, Konrad Hughen, and Beat Aeschlimann propose a theory that the Mayans collapsed because of an extended dry period between 760 and 910 A.D. These scientists set out find the answer as to why the Maya civilization collapsed. This question is fairly popular and is often times answered by an extended drought, but they wanted to find geologic evidence of what the climate was like in the same time period hoping that there is an obv...   [tags: archaeology, world history, anthropology]

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1024 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

How the Social Importance of Religion Has Receded with Modernity

- Religion has always been of high social importance and influence within civilization and their society. This essay will argue that as modernity has progressed the social importance of religion has receded, but the gradient of this recession and by how much varies upon the society. Modernity typically refers to a “post-medieval historical period, one marked by the move from feudalism toward capitalism, industrialization, secularization, rationalization, the nation-state and its constituent institutions” (Barker, 2000)....   [tags: sociology, ideology, anthropology]

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1627 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

Infanticide: Cross Cultural Analysis of the Causes of Infanticide

- Infanticide is not unique to humans. It is practiced by many mammals including some primates. The main difference between human and animal infanticide is that infanticide in humans is performed by the parent(s) of the child while in the case of animals it is usually a male suitor (Caldwell and Caldwell, 2005, p. 208). In pre-modern societies infanticide was done instead of abortions as it allowed for sexual selection, it was much more effective than pre-modern contraception, and it did not require any special skills or esoteric knowledge (Caldwell and Caldwell,2005, p....   [tags: Anthropology, Cultural Practices]

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1804 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

Multiculturalism Should Be Incorporated And Taught Through Educational Programs

- Around the globe all individuals participate in their own cultural practices and traditions. Multiculturalism is an extremely controversial issue that arises from different views and opinions, and is currently under attack by various leaders in our world today. Since the late 1960s and 1970s multiculturalism has been supported, denied, and continuously discussed because of its strong emphasis on cultural diversity and equal opportunities. Multiculturalism is the co-existence of all diverse cultures that include religious, racial, or cultural groups and is expressed in customary traditions, values, behaviors, and ways of thinking....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Identity politics]

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1221 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Perception Of Culture And Its Effect On Society

- Our perception towards society comes down to our words, and the meaning that we give to them, kind of like a play. In sociological terms, one would be able to use the term ‘acting’ as the illusion we give that precedes our true intentions. Our performance is internally reduced to our lives that act as our stage. Furthermore, our audience becomes our social actors: such as our friends, family, and aqantinces. The perception of culture is far from linear or understood but is multi faceted and complex to where only the ones who live it can explain it....   [tags: Culture, The Culture, Sociology, Anthropology]

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2236 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

Shakespeare 's Hamlet And The Idea Of Human Nature

- Stuck in her own interpretation of Shakespeare’s Hamlet and the idea that “human nature is (nearly) the same” worldwide, an American Anthropologist, Laura Bohannan, set off for the Tiv in West Africa (Bohannan 1). Bohannan’s original intent was to learn about the African tribe’s culture and ceremonies, but one morning, when she was sitting with the elders of the tribe, they asked Bohannan to tell them the story of Hamlet, for they have told her many of their stories and found it only fair. In an attempt to translate the play into the Tiv’s language and finding the lack of appropriate words, as well as cultural differences between ideas many Europeans and Americans both agree upon, Bohannan q...   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Idea, Marriage]

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Analysis Of Elif Shafak 's Views On Cultural Convergence

- Elif Shafak grew up living a life that never lacked widespread cultural diversity. From a young age, Shafak was faced with an ever changing face of scenery, and the many groups of individuals that brought the picture to life. Her talk reveals her continuously growing understanding of the world around her through identifying the “power of circles”, or in other words, how being relative to ones own being and nothing else can result in a lack of hunger for a world so abundant with things and people with the capability to bring the soul alive....   [tags: Culture, Linguistics, The Culture, Anthropology]

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1234 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

What Key Things Did You Learn About Diversity Management?

- 1. What key things did you learn about diversity management. I learned that diversity management is starting to make an impact around the world. There are still areas around the world that have not resistance to diversity management based on their culture and time. It still seems that this is a concept that is more forced and less welcome across the board. From the readings it seems like organizations are more complying with legislations or diversity policies and programs set by the organizations....   [tags: Culture, The Culture, Sociology, Anthropology]

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1861 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Suicide from a Psychological, Sociological and Anthropological Perspective

- SUICIDE FROM A PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE INTRODUCTION Suicide is a sad story many people are reluctant to approach. But when somebody nearest to them kills themselves, they feel the compelling guilt of trying to understand the motive behind the death. It is a complex and rather devastating subject. Many who kill themselves can never come back to tell us what happened and why it did. Suicide takes an emotional toll on it's survivors and wreck havoc in the wake of the surrounding victims....   [tags: psychology, anthropology, sociology]

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1263 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Social Model of Health of the Maori Tribe

- Discuss and Contrast the Maori and Social models of Health "Health is a social, economic and political issue and above all a fundamental human right. Inequality, poverty, exploitation, violence and injustice are at the root of ill-health" (Braum, 2008, p.3).The Maori model of Health, in particular "Whare Tapa Wha" is based on four simple key aspects to ensure overall general health and well being, Taha Wairua, Taha Hinengaro, Taha Tinana and Taha Whanau. These are the basic foundations or stepping stones to an significant determinant of good health, that can be found across the many multiple health models (Durie, 1998, p.66)....   [tags: anthropology, world medicine]

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984 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Pierre Bourdieu and Cultural Capital and Cultural Relativism

- ... Although geographically situated on opposing sides of the equator, both of these cultures have experienced the devastating consequences of social and financial disparity and the tragic cycle of turmoil that surely comes with the lifestyle. Intimate Apartheid sheds light on what exactly this “cycle” means in an African American context: Family and childhood experiences are another crucial generative dimension of habitus. Childhood formations continue to haunt or reward individuals even as their lives unfold and change dramatically....   [tags: inequality, poverty, anthropology]

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1565 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Modern Technology And Its Impact On The World

- Before modern technology hit us full force in the twentieth century, the world was a much smaller and more isolated place. Although there was interaction between countries, it was stunted and slow. Local culture was all that was known and it was respected and upheld above all else. With the introduction of advanced transportation, the Internet, and a more interdependent global economy, the world quickly entered into a time of globalization and accelerated interactions. During this time of heavy global integration, cultures were thrown together that didn’t necessarily understand each other’s customs and belief systems....   [tags: Culture, Globalization, Anthropology]

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874 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Rears Its Ugly Head!

- Once again, the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis enters a philosophical discussion and several frantic questions are raised: Are our thoughts determined by language, or are they merely influenced by language. Does our language limit our world so much so that our ethics are determined by our ways of speaking. Is Orwell’s Newspeak a real danger. Is political correctness feasible. Whorf wants to say, yes, “all higher levels of thinking are dependent on language“ (Cordova, 78). But many linguists, while upholding the idea that our thinking is influenced by language, continue to argue over how much this is the case....   [tags: Anthropology, human cognition, behavior]

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1718 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

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