Your search returned 200 essays for "Privatization":
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Privatization

- The term Privatization is often loosely used to mean a number of related activities, including any expansion of the scope of private sector activity in an economy and the adoption by the public sector of efficiency enhancing techniques commonly employed by the private sector. While acknowledging that no definition of privatization is water tight, we will define privatization, for the purpose of this paper, as the transfer of productive asset ownership and control from the public to the private sector.1 The transfer of assets can be total, partial or functionary, with the sale being implemented by methods such as private sales, leasing arrangements, employee buy outs and share issues....   [tags: private sector / public sector]

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privatization

- The social impact of privatization has been an appendage rather than being built into the design of public sector reform programs and particular measures from start to finish. The objectives and the process of privatization has to be rethought because democracy requires the fullest participation of all people in American society, not just those deemed to live in the “public sector”. What is happening is not only increasing fear of the poor, but also the privatization of public space, which is given an added push by government cut-backs....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Privatization in Russia

- Privatization in Russia As a result of privatization in Russia, tens of thousands of state-owned enterprises - from small retail shops to major industrial enterprises - have been transformed into privately owned companies. Millions of Russian citizens became owners. The privatization is guided by the special government program which operates on different administrative levels: federal, regional and municipal. The authorities on any given level are authorized to privatize only those assets transferred to their ownership....   [tags: essays papers]

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Privatization of Social Security

- Privatization of Social Security When people lease a car, they pay, knowing that they get something in return. When people pay taxes, they pay, knowing it's the law, and many get some money back. What do people think when they pay social security. Many young people see Social Security as something they are paying but will never get anything in return. What is another way for retirement for the United States. A major topic of retirement talk today often ends up with the new idea of Privatization....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania

- Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania The story of Tanzania, from pre-colonialist period to present Tanzania, located in East Africa, is one of the least developed countries in the world. According to the UNDP Human Development Index, Tanzania ranked 162 out of 177 countries in the 2004 survey (UNDP:2004, HDI), with one being the most developed. According to the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) prepared by Tanzanian officials for the World Bank, half of Tanzanians 36.6 million people are characterized as “poor” and one-third live in “abject poverty”(WB: PRSP p.1)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Privatization of Social Security

- Privatization of Social Security Defenders of Social Security point out that without it, nearly four million more older Americans would have been counted as poor during 1997. But analysts say that living above the official poverty income level in retirement years is not all that difficult even for those with low incomes during their working years. All an elderly person had to earn in 1997 to be above the poverty threshold for persons 65 or older was $7,698. To receive that amount of income, all an elderly person had to have at age 67 is $192,450 in government bonds assuming current interest rates and that the individual's net worth is protected from the erosion of inflation....   [tags: Papers]

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Chile Water Privatization

- Justification for intervention for economic regulatory efforts arises out of alleged inability of the marketplace to deal with particular structural problems. Of course, details of any program often reflect political force, not reasoned argument. Yet thoughtful justification is still needed when programs are evaluated.[1] The case of water reform in Chile is an interesting one. First of all, it allows us to think about a situation where regulatory reforms face political decision-making through the outcome of proposed legislation....   [tags: Water Reform Chile]

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The Era of Privatisation

- The Era of Privatisation Introduction It was under the Thatcher government that the era of privatisation started and it was “the most radical change in the 20th century British politics” (Young, 2001, p. 1). From 1984 to 1991, the telecommunications, gas, water and electricity industries which were under government control, were sold to become privately owned and controlled. The privatisation of the electricity industry occurred in 1990 but had already begun in 1987 with the creation of a programme describing the different tasks involved in privatising the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity....   [tags: Business Management Studies]

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The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions

- The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions A major change and challenge for trade unions in the past 20 years has been the privatisation programme. This has affected public sector workers in particular. Under privatisation, some nationalised industries and some aspects of what had been local government services were sold off or contracted out as separate entities. As a result, many employees found themselves working for a new and very different employer and the prospect of a new contract of employment and revised conditions of service....   [tags: Papers]

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¿Es la privatización buena para un país?

- Si la privatización se hace en términos adecuados que favorezcan la economía del país y la sociedad puede tener muchas ventajas: • Se incrementan la rentabilidad debido a que hay un mejor control de los gastos. • La eficiencia de los servicios que prestan mejora considerablemente debido a que los empleados públicos generalmente son más deficientes. • Se reducirían las distorsiones económicas provocadas por las interferencias políticas en el sector público empresarial donde la contratación del personal no se hace en base a capacidades si no a compadrazgos políticos, en definitiva, se evitaría la politización de nombramientos de presidentes, consejeros y directivos de las empresas públicas....   [tags: corrupción, honduras, economia]

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Quality of Health Care and Services for the Mentally Ill in Prisons

- Only One-third of all mentally ill prisoners are treated for their illness or disorder as other mentally ill prisoners receive little to no treatment or even diagnosis at all. Another big problem with the quality of health care and services in prison for the mentally ill is insufficient supplies that are needed for these prisoners. In 2008, it was estimated that American's prisons cost over $50 billion dollars to run and operate, that is also the of year of the huge financial crisis. Health care has increased in price in prisons because of the increase of mentally ill prisoners that need much assistance in their illness or disorder....   [tags: no treatment, no supplies]

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Slovakia Economic Analysis

- Slovakia Economic Analysis Country: Slovak Republic Formation of the Slovak Republic The Slovak Republic, or Slovakia, is located in Eastern Europe with a population of 5.4 million people and borders the countries of Poland, Austria, the Ukraine, and the Czech Republic (The World Bank). As originally part of the former nation of Czechoslovakia, the Slovak Republic has only recently begun to write its own history (Abizadeh, p. 171). During 1989 many revolts took place against eastern European governments under communism, including Czechoslovakia (Slovakia.Org, “20th Century”)....   [tags: essays papers]

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Market and Freedom by Professor Dwight R. Lee

- Market and Freedom by Professor Dwight R. Lee The Cold War is the long time war that was taken among the former USSR and the United States of America, and the war started immediately after the end of World War II. This war was essentially a clash, or a war, of two different ideologies; the Capitalism and the Communism. The Collapse of the former Soviet Union and its transition toward the free market economy proved that capitalism and its principles as the proper way of life. Capitalism's principles such as the privatization, specialization, small state authority, individual rights, freedom, and free market economy became the ideal and the model for many nations to follow....   [tags: Papers]

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In Favor of Social Security Reform

- In Favor of Social Security Reform There are millions of Americans affected by social security. These Americans rely on social security to provide them with financial security. Recently President Bush agreed to proposing a method of privatizing the social security program so that in the future the vast reserves of the social security system would not run out nearly as fast. With the always increasing rise in inflation, and the baby boomer generation reaching ages of retirement fairly soon, this is an issue that needs to be dealt with correctly and rapidly....   [tags: Economics Politics Argumentative Essays]

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disinvestment

- DISINVESTMENT OF PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS IN INDIA TODAY THE RUSSIAN ECONOMIC MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT CONNOTED THROUGH THE RUSSIAN FUR DOES NOT EXIST. TODAY THE CHINESE ECONOMIC MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT CONNOTED THROUGH THE MAO SUIT DOES NOT EXIST. Margaret Thatcher disrobed them. The concept of the GOLDEN STRAIGHT JACKET is avowed, to whether it were the Democrats or the Republicans, the Conservatives or the Laborites, the BJP or the Congress. The concept of the golden straight jacket has been embraced by all countries including India....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Kyrgyzstan

- The collapse of the Soviet Union created 15 new states. These states over the last 5 years have all struggled with economic, ethnic, political and territorial problems left to them by the Soviet empire. Kyrgyzstan, is a former Soviet Republic (FSR) located in the Central Asia. This paper will give a statistical representation of the state, Kyrgyzstan. The statistical data will reflect the basic geography of the subject country containing population, size and location. This miniature report will also contain brief descriptions of current political and economic situations....   [tags: essays research papers]

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My Goal-Personal Narrative

- My Goal-Personal Narrative My goal, upon finishing my graduate studies, was to obtain a position in a large corporation. I received and accepted an offer from Koc Holding, a diversified conglomerate, and began my professional career as a project engineer at the company's Energy and Environment group headquarters. I believe that the same perseverance and determination that enabled me to attain these goals will allow me to contribute my unique background to XXX's dynamic student body. In addition, I will share with my fellow students my unusual experiences, such as founding an Environment Club while at college, while drawing on my proven ability to motivate others towards a common goal....   [tags: Papers]

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Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations

- Abstract This paper focuses on Monetary Policy, which centers on connections between money, banks, and credit to lenders. In addition, this paper will cover the effect on macroeconomic factors such as GDP, unemployment, inflation, and interest rates. Additionally, an explanation on money creation and the implications of making money gives an insight on Money Supply and Macroeconomic Factors. With many combinations of monetary policy, the paper covers the optimal balance between economic growth, low inflation, and a reasonable rate of unemployment....   [tags: Business Economics ]

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Business Entrepreneurs

- The entrepreneur is the pioneer, the managers the applier of existing best practices. The entrepreneur engages in strategic activity, the managers need to focus on tactical or operational activity. The entrepreneur formulates a strategy, the manager implements that strategy. Business success will depend on the continuing renewal and application of the entrepreneurial spirits. Business success depends on the application and an efficient management team. The attrition rate of any new business is extremely high....   [tags: Business Development]

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Economic System

- Economic System A country’s economic system consists of the structure and processes that it uses to allocate it’s resources and conduct it’s commercial activities. Types of Economic Systems - Centrally planned economy - Mixed economy - Market economy Centrally planned economy System in which a nation’s resources are owned by the government. Origins: the ideology that the welfare of the group is more important than individual well being. (Karl Marx). Decline: In the 80’s nations began to dismantle communist central planning in favor of market based economy....   [tags: essays research papers]

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John Dewey's Criticisms of Traditional Philosophy

- Dewey's Criticisms of Traditional Philosophy ABSTRACT: In this paper I address some of John Dewey’s more generally applicable criticisms of the philosophic "tradition," and show how his criticisms stem from his naturalistic approach to philosophy. This topic is important because Dewey gives great insight into discussions that are relevant today regarding the role of philosophy. In 1935 he anticipated many of the criticisms of the "later" Wittgenstein regarding the establishment of post facto standards as a cause, the separation of language from behavior and the privatization of mind—yet Dewey still finds use for metaphysics or "thinking at large." I believe the essence of Dewey’s criticism...   [tags: Philosophical Philosophy Essays]

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The Internet and the Justice System

- The Internet and the Justice System I. Introduction. The American legal system has faced many challenges in the past century, mainly due to population growth throughout the nation. The American ‘way-of-life’ has also changed significantly as a result. The legislative and judicial systems need to adapt to these developments. These include advances in information technology, particularly the Internet. This expanding communication network has created different behavioral patterns within our society....   [tags: Government Judicial Web Cyberspace Essays]

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A Case Study of the International Finance Corporation in Nigeria

- IFC Mission- ‘To promote sustainable private sector investment in developing countries.’ “The World Bank’s role, in my opinion, is to help improve the business environment in the developing countries so that the private sector can drive growth.”- Mr. Peter Woicke, Executive Vice President of the World Bank Group (WBG) in charge of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) - Lagos, August 2004. At the time Mr. Woicke was speaking, IFC involvement in Nigeria had reached $200million in investment commitments, a figure quickly surpassed in less than a year from that date (as at June 2005, IFC investment in Nigeria was to the tune of $290million)....   [tags: Economics Business Case Study Essays]

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The Economy of Romania

- The Economy of Romania Before World War II, the Romanian economy was primarily agricultural. In 1948 the Communist government came to power and took control of nearly all aspects of the economy. Through a series of five-year plans, the Communists transformed Romania into an industrial nation. The economy grew considerably during the first part of the Communist period, but by the 1980s it had slid into decline, and shortages of consumer goods and degradation of the environment had become widespread....   [tags: Papers]

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Overview of Airline Industry

- Overview of Airline Industry Air travel has grown in the past decade. Travel grew strongly for both leisure and business purposes. India will have nearly 800 to 1000 airplanes by 2023, it was estimated by Airbus. In spite of growth between 30 to 50 per cent in Indian aviation industry, losses of approximately 2200 crore is estimated for the current year. During 19991-1992, Modiluft, East West and Damania went bankrupt. Air Sahara and Jet Airways survived along with government own Indian Airlines because they had the capability to bear losses....   [tags: Aviation Airline Industry Analysis]

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Pros and Cons of Privatization

- Privatisation means transferring the control of an enterprise from the government sector to the private sector. Generally, but not always, this also means transferring ownership of the Public sector enterprise as well as control. It can be accomplished by sale or lease. It can be accomplished by the government selling 100% of an enterprise, or selling 51%, or even by selling a minority stake - so long as the private sector is given full managerial control. Without transferring control to the private sector, the government can rise money by selling a smaller share, but that is not privatisation as such....   [tags: Business Privatization]

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The Historical View of Privatization and Nationalization in America

- In the previous years ago, the word privatization was not well-known same as today. Conversely, word nationalization was popular at that time because of the government at that time owned all of the important enterprises such as infrastructure businesses while private sector owned in the diminutive enterprise which not important about the lifestyle of the people that illustrated the government had more bargaining power than private sector. Almost people knew nationalization but did not know about privatization....   [tags: privatization, nationalazation, USA, history,]

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Solid Waste Management in Detroit

- The article is this study explains how voters in Detroit, Michigan rejected a proposal to turn solid waste collection over to a private entity to obtain a contract to haul waste for the city. The city currently has 224 employees and out of that 166 are drivers and helpers (Carrol, 2013). The city wants to switch to privatization is because residents are receiving curbside services under the private company known as Republic Services. Detroit is one of the largest cities to enter the privatization issue and the city would like to propose a resolution to split to both private and public companies....   [tags: private, public, residents, curbside, services]

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international trade

- Privatization of social security Today, United State is on the edge for a huge change, President George W. Bush second term agenda to reform the Social Security has left us to think about a question that will have a huge impact on the future of United State, Should Social Security be privatized. Enacted in 1935, under the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and modified many times since-including major change in 1983-Social Security provides benefits to workers and their family members upon retirement, disability, or death....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Private Schools vs. Public Schools

-      As time has gone by, Americans have increasingly paid more attention to the schooling process, trying harder all the time to get the best education possible for their children. As a result, more parents are turning from the public school systems to the private schools. This happens for several reasons. First, students that graduate from private schools tend to be better prepared for college. Second, private schools open up many opportunities to succeed in the business world. Last, the private schools allow the parents and the student to decide which school they feel will give the student the best education possible....   [tags: Private Schools vs. Public Schools]

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Secularization

- Secularization The word secularization is derived from the Latin word saeculum(world) it was first used to refer the transfer of property from the church to the civil princes. Now it denotes the process by which religion loses some or all of its power, dominance and authority. Secularization as a concept refers to the actual historical process whereby this dualist system “ this world'; and the sacramental structures of mediation between this world and the other world progressively breakdown until the entire medieval systems of classification disappear, to be replaced by new systems of spatial structuration of the spheres....   [tags: Essays Papers Religion Society Worldly]

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Growth of Private Security

- History and growth ‘It is clear that the private security industry has experienced substantial growth, particularly if one compares the size of the industry in 1950 with that in 1995. In 1950 there were a dozen or so companies involved in the provision of security services and products; now there are thousands, in what could be described as a multi-billion industry (George and Button : 30).’ Policing is now being widely offered by institutions other than the state, most importantly by private companies on a commercial basis and by communities on a volunteer basis (Bayley and Shearing, 1996).’ According to South, Jones and Newburn, private security industry in Britain has grown from the post...   [tags: Social Issues, Policing, Terrorism]

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The Baldios

- The baldios are an ancient tradition in Portugal, which dates back to the Middle Ages, as a privilege endowed to the inhabitants of each village, acknowledged in the royal rolls. In a feudal economy, the commons were a necessary resource to enable growers to obtain firewood and pasture, assuring their subsistence. Until the late 18th century, the commons were properties that could not be subject of individualization. However, some laws enacted by Pombal and D. Maria I, tended to misunderstand the differences between the commons and municipal properties, which gradually led to the disentailment of the commons (1869)....   [tags: History, Portugal]

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Understanding Social Welfare of Hong Kong

- Understanding Social Welfare of Hong Kong Hong Kong has a unique history, governing system and economy. These three unique features are crucial to an understanding of the social welfare in the territory. In this essay, I will illustrate the development of social welfare in Hong Kong during different periods. At the end of the paper, I would take a look at the changing attitude of Hong Kong people towards the social policy. Before World War II In this period, the term 'social welfare' refers to limited social security and social services....   [tags: Papers]

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Anheuser-Bush

- Anheuser-Bush Situation: The American company Anheuser-Bush (AB) cannot market its beer using their trademark name Budweiser in every country around the world. This is due to the fact that there is an European brewing company that uses the same trademark. After Adolphus Bush immigrated to the United States, he got married into the Anheuser brewing family. He used and subsequently registered the name Budweiser as a trademark. A few years after Adolphus Bush did this, a new brewery was established in Budejovicky Budvar and its beer was officially named and registered as Budweiser....   [tags: Papers]

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Airline Industry

- One of the world’s most competitive and prominent industries is the airlines industry. It generates huge amounts of income as well as employment each year. Some of the common names in US air travel service providers are Alaska, Northwest, Southwest, US airways, American etc. According to the latest statistics given by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the airline sector will post a profit of $9 billion in 2011. After the recent credit crunch, economies are now coming back to normal, business travel is increasing and investments in the airlines are now rising....   [tags: Transportation, Commercial Aviation]

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Airport Privatization

- Airports are key enhancers of commerce and trade; they generate massive transportation and key economic benefits (Vasigh, 2007). Privatization of airports relates to transfer of ownership of airport from public ownership sector to private ownership (Jobs Consultancy, 2007). Privatization process aims at increasing of efficiency, competitiveness and viable financing of airports. Considerations on whether to privatize an airport are made by governments and the decision has a long-term impact that follows (Jobs Consultancy, 2007)....   [tags: Aviation]

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Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt

- B. A Glimpse at Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt i. Privatization today The Egyptian economy was affected as a result of the mass revolution that was launched in January 2011 ultimately leading to the overthrow of the Mubarak regime. Whilst the Egyptian ‘AL-Fuloul’ (remnants of the regime) are seen to still have a tight grip on the state owned enterprises as was evident before the overthrow of Mubarak, the economy is still struggling to meet the demands of the population suffering from social unrest (Kinninmont, J....   [tags: Egyptian Economy, Mubarak Regime]

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Proposed Alternative to the Privatization of Social Security

- Our nation is on the verge of a crisis. The money that is put aside for Social Security and the benefit of our elders is drying up. Because of this, our president has announced in his State of the Union address that Social Security should be privatized. The benefits of this plan, according to Mr. President, would allow the people to take the money out of social security, and place it in their own investments, thus alleviating the pressure from the government. Democrats are deeply troubled by this proposal and claim that this course of action would be disastrous for seniors....   [tags: government, politics]

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Privatization, the Best Option for Social Security Reform

- ... Instead, Social Security recipients would have money go into a private account which the account holder would have control over. In 2000 Bush pushed for privatization, this plan would give young workers the choice to create a government-supervised private account which included bonds, stocks, and other financial holdings (Fox News 2008). This started the idea of having ownership over a private account that was personally controlled. Account holders were directly receiving the money they invested in Social Security, and have the option to spend the money as they see fit....   [tags: retiree funds]

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America Needs Private Prisons

- Reminisce back into the elementary school days, where hundreds of kids start to line up for food at the cafeteria. Now picture that cafeteria stuffed with multitudes of bunk beds side by side in which the whole school has to sleep in. Any parent would disapprove of a living situation that is similar to that, but all over the nation, prisoners are facing those exact problems. With the rise of the prison population in America, prisons all over the nation fear what could lead to huge detrimental consequences, one of which is overcrowding....   [tags: Prison Reform, Prison Privatization]

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The Issue Of Social Security

- There are a few major current concerns that was brought about the future “solvency” of Social Security. People are scared because of the projections of the trust fund will being depleted by 2040. This means that there will be a scare amount of income going in to the trust fund; as a result, people will not be able to receive the full amount of benefits that they were promised (Quadagno: 349). One reason they are scared is because that the Baby Boom generation is aging (Quadagno: 334). The Baby Boom generation make up the majority of the population and have the most influence on what is happening in the United States....   [tags: Retirement, Pension, Payroll tax, Privatization]

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Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation

- Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation The word Privatisation has been used in a variety of contexts, ranging from returning state owned companies to the private sector, contracting out services to the private sector and liberalisation and deregulation. Although the most common definition of Privatisation is the idea that involves transferring the production of goods and services from the public sector to the private sector. Privatisation generally involves two main objectives....   [tags: Papers]

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Saving the USPS Through Privitization

- ... The plan to privatize would save the USPS from losing billions of dollars annually. Many of the reasons the USPS is having financial problems is because of congress’s authority over it. Although technically the USPS is a federal agency governed by a Board nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate, like the Fed, congress ultimately has authority over the service, unlike the Fed. The USPS is structured like a business, but Congress prevents it from actually acting like one and taking measures to reduce costs, improve efficiency, and innovate....   [tags: mail, financial, deliver]

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Proposed Solutions for Problems with the Federal Government's Management of Their Land

- ... All of these approaches would disperse control over the lands to improve environmental stewardship and economic competence. The primary concern for privatizing lands is that they will be “exploited and ravaged” for short-term profit therefore causing environmental destruction (Moeller, 2002). Places like Wyoming and Montana, have large coal deposits. The federal government in 1976 Congress passed an Act requiring BLM to maximize economic recovery of federal coal sources in Powder River Basin, for US use (could last nearly a century), but in recent years the government is considering exporting to Asia (decreasing the coal supply to as little as 25 years)....   [tags: privitization, conservation, state]

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Australian Government Privatisation Of Qantas Sale Act

- 5. Legislation – Qantas Sale Act Between 1992 and 1995 the Australian government completed the privatisation of Qantas, the Australian Parliament also passed legislation referred as the Qantas Sale Act 1992 (QSA). The Department of Parliamentary Services (2014) reports that under this legislation foreign ownership was capped and the airlines brand ‘QANTAS’ and operations must remain substantially in Australia. In 2014 the Australian Parliament passed amendments to repeal those rules in the Qantas Sale Act (1992), in addition though QANTAS must still comply with legislation under the Air Navigation Act 1920....   [tags: Corporate governance, Board of directors]

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The Global Economy

- I. Introduction The global economy is comprised of a multifaceted patchwork of key actors, which contribute to the development, sustainability, and strategic direction of a country. With this said, it is crucial to assess the key players of an economy with regards to the composition of public and private enterprises. The effectiveness and significance of these public and private enterprises need to be analyzed in order to measure the scope of positive or negative impact it has on the national economy when taking into account the nation’s economic indicators....   [tags: Development, Sustainability, Strategy]

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Should the Australian Government Privatise Medibank?

- The Medibank Australia was founded by the Australian government in 1976, as the Medibank is a largest private health insurer in Australia. The government believes now it’s time for them to move forward and privatise the Medibank at the end of this financial year or next financial year. The reasons why the government is privatising Medibank, is to retain the service and excellence of stages of Medibank clients, ensure the sale development treats medibank workers in a decent manner, as well as to reduce any problems sole over the post years, such as liabilities of the government....   [tags: class inequalities, healthcare, services]

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Reliant On It Is A Benefit Program

- reliant on it). Social security is a benefit program that was established in 1935 by Franklin Roosevelt. The program is a system in which workers pool a portion of their wages. These wages are paid to retired people on a monthly basis. The idea of the program is to protect each other and their families against wage loss when they retire. The ideas of social security benefits were intended to supplement pensions, and personal savings for retired people. Originally, the program benefits were restricted to people who were aged 65 years old and older....   [tags: Retirement, Pension]

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The Author’s Thesis in “Race Against Time” by Stephen Lewis

- The eight Millennium Development Goals proposed by the UN during the Millennium General Assembly of 2000 will not be reached in Africa by 2015 if international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund continue to impose unethical and punishing economic policies through the Structural Adjustment Program (SAPs) on the poor and undeveloped countries of Africa and if the wealthy old core countries continue to break promises and hesitate to donate enough financial aid to Africa to help it recover from the destructive effects of the SAPs and the AIDS pandemic, and to also ensure gender equality and rights of women in Africa....   [tags: Race Against Time, Stephen Lewis, ]

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The Public-Private Prison Debate

- California is suffering from a crisis in the prison system. Its facilities are operating at double capacity and " grossly deficient medical care" is the cause of at least one inmate death per week (Wood, 2008, para. 2). Because of this need for reform, the federal government is stepping in to direct the state prison’s operating procedure. Although the financial choices of each state should be free from federal control, the federal government is still known to put pressure on states to make decisions, especially when lawsuits arise....   [tags: Private vs. Public Prisons]

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Public and Private Management

- Unlike many of the other writing assignments done thus far, this paper will be providing brief synopses for several essays on issues involved with the study of public management. Although it might be possible to state that the ideas and theories presented in these texts are either true or false, it will be the goal of this writing to take the simple approach and focus on the thoughts that are presented are still relevant in modern practice of public management. However, it is first important to point out that even today there is no aggregated view for weighing or measuring the success of public managers....   [tags: Business, Performance Review, Quality Management]

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Argentin The Quasi Monopoly Of The State

- Argentina: the quasi-monopoly of the state In contrast to Chile, the Argentinian secondary school emerged in 1853 as fully public and national. Private institutions were marginal and by the 1920s accounted only for the 14% of the enrollment. Nevertheless, pressures for the expansion of secondary education that started early in the 1940s fueled the increment of private enrollment. First, the state granted public subsidies to private institutions in 1945. Later, in the 1960s, the rise of private schools prompted its deregulation, and the government allowed these institutions to grant their own degrees without the authorization of the national schools (Tedesco et al., 1983)....   [tags: Teacher, High school, Independent school]

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Sociological Theories Of Religion From A Sociological Perspective

- “The changing meanings of religion. Sociological theories of religion in the perspective of the last 100 years” is a research article written by Irena Borowik and the final version of the same was published in March of 2011. This article is targeted to other sociologists and academics of similar branches. Borowik states that the purpose of the article lies in discussing the conceptual framework for defining religion from a sociological perspective. In her article Borowik start by discussing when and how the first impression of religion from a sociological perspective appeared, and how such reflection on religion in the framework of sociology may be organized in a way that highlights dominant...   [tags: Sociology, Sociology of religion, Max Weber]

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Influential Trends That Have And Will Effect Education

- Six influential trends that have and will effect education in the 21st century are the diverse student population, privatization of education, role of government, high school reform, increased technology in the classroom, and globalization. Each impacts the present pedagogy models of education. Therefore new ways of reaching this present student population and beyond will need to be examines and evaluate. Teacher and their methodology will shift in order to prepare these students for college and career readiness for the 21st century and beyond....   [tags: High school, Education]

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1346 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Three Areas of Globalization

- According to Thomas Friedman, “In Globalization 1.0, which began around 1492, the world went from size large to size medium. In Globalization 2.0, the era that introduced us to multinational companies, it went from size medium to size small. And then around 2000 came Globalization 3.0, in which the world went from being small to tiny.” It is not something one can pin point and define as a formal structure of the current international system. Globalization is a notion of the growing interconnectedness of the world categorized into three forms, cultural, political and economical globalization....   [tags: culture, political, economic]

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The Polarization of the British Political System

- The polarization of the British political system can be traced back to the movement of Thatcherism. Thatcherism can be seen as the conviction politics, economic, social policy, and is the political movement that can even resemble Reaganomics. Just like Reaganomics, Thatcherism is considered a conservative movement that emphasizes heavily on the free markets, restraining government spending, privatization, deregulation, and tax cuts. These are the policies that Margaret Thatcher focused on; this political movement took place between 1979 and 1990 while she was the Prime Minister of the British Government....   [tags: politics, economic, social policy]

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Analysis Of The Book ' Blue Gold ' By Maude Barlow & Tony Clark

- Governments’ power decaying in the water administration by global water lords. Corporations, water companies, and elite organizations are controlling countries financing them with loans to develop sustainable infrastructure in becoming stable economically and improve their infrastructure in various aspects such as education, social service, and healthcare etc. Water companies are overcoming these countries with the help of the organizations such as the IMF, WTO, and World Bank. For instance, if a country wants loans, the WTO makes a requirement to the loaners to privatize their public water system and let the corporations offer their water services to the citizens....   [tags: Water, Water resources, Hydrology, Water pollution]

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The Nexus Between Religion, Violence, And Terrorism

- One of the goals of this week’s class is to understand “the nexus between religion, violence, and terrorism.” I will focus my discussion on the connection between the first two: religion and violence. Throughout our readings, multiple solutions are proposed for how to reduce religiously inspired violence in the Middle East. I will address two contradictory solutions: one that aspires to reduce religion’s public role and the other which seeks to increase it. To be sure, the two proposals I will be analyzing are not the only solutions, nor do I believe that are they the best....   [tags: Islam, Religion, Middle East, Christianity]

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Areas of Reformation in Greece

- ... Some other component in the reform, is retirement age from 61 to 65 would need to be increased and it is estimated would save €1.28 billion in 2012 alone and reduction of supplementary pensions between 10% to 20%. (OECD 2012) Product Market Reform Privatisation It also included privatisation programs which primarily centre on setting up public revenues in several energy and transport sectors which consist full or partial privatization which cost upward to €10 billion. To increase efficiency and improve a strong cooperation, public private partnership would be launched and concessions of the partnership as an attraction to the constitution....   [tags: tax, market, economy]

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Blue Gold: World Water Wars

- Blue Gold: World Water Wars In the documentary, Blue Gold: World Water Wars, it follows several people and countries world-wide in their fight for fresh water. The film exposes giant corporations as they bully poorer developing countries to privatize their own supply of fresh water. As a result of the privatization, corporations make a hefty profit while the developing countries remain poor. Blue Gold: World Water Wars also highlights the fact that Wall Street investors are going after the desalination process and mass water export schemes....   [tags: fresh, water, corporations, country, profit]

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Small Farms Are the Key to the Future of Sustainable Agriculture

- "Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the animals.” George Orwell’s famous quote from Animal Farm encapsulates the specific evolutionary path of the egg within the world food system. Man’s inability to produce, forces our species to develop new techniques of controlling nature that will better support our population. Throughout history, from antiquity to present day, people have been consuming eggs....   [tags: food as an industrial commodity]

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Electricity Directive of European Union

- The first EU Electricity Directive of 1996 concentrated on four areas: generation, retail supply, transmission and distribution, and unbundling. The main goal of the directive was to unbundle the industry and to open the national energy markets (Jamasb & Pollitt, 2005). Still, countries were given a great deal of leeway to interpret the rules. The directive can be summarized as follows:  In the field of generation, the directive provided member states with two options for building and managing power plants....   [tags: generation, retail, supply, transmission]

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1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Impact Of Globalization On The Environment

- Many environmentalists, trade analysts, and anti-globalization activists believe that competition in global trade has led to a disregard for environmental standards. Environmental protections in one country are often barriers to world trade, but with the help of globalization, businesses can do more wicked things to others with little to no environmental problems. Globalization has therefore led to deforestation, and with the increase in human activity, resulted in problems with our ozone layer....   [tags: Globalization, Developed country, Terrorism]

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1258 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Vouchers, School Choice and the Public's Interest

- School Choice and the Public's Interest Recent trends toward privatizing schools and relieving them of state requirements wrongly imply that schools should mirror the desires of parents and ignore the public's interest in having citizens educated for democracy. Rob Reich, who recently earned his doctorate in philosophy of education at Stanford, is writing a book on school vouchers, charter schools and home schooling. Reich stated his view that the nation is slipping too far into deregulated schooling....   [tags: Persuasive Argumentative Essay Examples]

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866 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Canadas Declining Health Care System and the Brain Drain

- Canadas Declining Health Care System and the Brain Drain Canada's government-funded health care system in under attack. Despite the mandate of the Canada health act, which was meant to assure universality, comprehensiveness, equitable access, public administration and portability of our health care system, (Braithwaite 17), Canadians today make the issue of health care their most important political concern. One of the biggest crises the Canadian health care system faces is for strange reasons not in the spotlight when debating the issues, that is the brain drain-Canada losing highly skilled physicians and health care workers to other countries like the U.S....   [tags: essays papers]

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Water Shortages in China: Problems and Solutions

- Many people know that water is essential for human-being and it is not only valuable for health and life, but water is also important for industry and agriculture. Furthermore, use of water has a spiritual, cultural and recreational dimension. However, water resources are not infinite. Wide and inefficient use of water resources can lead to irreversible consequences, such as water shortage. This essay will firstly discuss the problem of water shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world....   [tags: Water Scarcity in China]

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Financial Liberalization of Pakistan

- In 1974 all banks of the country were nationalized, with the objective of providing the capital for top priority projects or investments, and to ensure the depositor's capital safety. Although this step was taken for the socio-economic benefits, however, the required results could not be obtained. And under the public sector's ownership and supervision the banking sector proved inefficient (Haque 1997), which leads the lower saving and investment, so as a result economic growth decreased (khan and khan 2007)....   [tags: Economics Finance]

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Private Military and Security Companies

- Private Military and Security Companies The modern Private Military and Security Company (PMSC) came to be after the end of the Cold War. An increase in government interest in privatization and outsourcing combined with an age of warfare where civilians and combatants were increasing difficult to differentiate created the perfect environment for PMSCs to expand (Singer). Although PMSCs play an integral role in providing basic services for the United States military, the extent of their role must be reevaluated because they have been criticized for unscrupulous financial practices and lack of accountability and transparency....   [tags: cold war, outsourcing, private contracts]

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Launch of Privatization of Egyptian SOE

- A. Launch of privatization of Egyptian SOEs i. Privatization process and its impact in Egyptian textile and clothing industry The Egyptian textile and clothing industry has been of vital significance to the Egyptian economy, as the entire production process from the cultivation of cotton to the production of yarns, fabrics and garments are performed domestically. According to El-Haddad, in 2008 the industry produced 26.4% of industrial production, LE 33.5 billion of total value added (MOED 2008), and approximately 10% of the country’s exports (El-Haddad 2010:2)....   [tags: Privatization Process, Impacts, Egyptian Textile]

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1137 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Privatization of Social Security

- It’s a matter of either losing all that you have worked for and live in poverty when retired or allowing your hard earned dollars to grow and have a secure comfortable retirement. I believe that Social Security is a doomed Government Program and that Privatization of Social Security would allow for a more secure retirement plan for all Americans. Social Security was first created to help aging Americans in their senior years so they would not end up in poverty. Social Security was signed in as law on August 14, 1935 by President Franklin D....   [tags: retirement plan, privatization of social security]

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1348 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Privatization of Solid Waste Management

- Privatization of Solid Waste Management Among the major environmental policies that have triggered hot debates among stakeholders and the public in general is that of privatizing solid waste management in various cities in the United States. Private companies have been operating the business of waste collection and management for many years not only in the U.S but also in the U.K and other countries. The debate has been whether by privatizing municipal solid waste (MSW) management, cost reduction and improved service quality can be achieved....   [tags: Waste Management ]

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1238 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution

- Although water is all around, very little is drinkable. Six billion people live on earth and 1.1 billion in 31 countries are unable to access safe, clean drinking water. California has only 20 years of water supply left. Ironically, even the wettest place on earth, Cherrapunji, India, has often water shortages. After years of millions of people dying of thirst and disease, a corporate movement to find a solution to the water crisis has now swept the world. Water, a fleeting resource vital to every life, every single day of the year, is now being taken out of the governments control and becoming a commodity bought and sold by big business, a.k.a privatization....   [tags: Global Water Crisis]

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1213 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Privatization of Social Security

- It’s a matter of either losing all that you have worked for and live in poverty when retired or allowing your hard earned dollars to grow and have a secure comfortable retirement. I believe that Social Security is a doomed Government Program and that Privatization of Social Security would allow for a more secure retirement plan for all Americans. Social Security was first created to help aging Americans in their senior years so they would not end up in poverty. Social Security was signed in as law on August 14, 1935 by President Franklin D....   [tags: retirement, poverty, tax revenue, sustainability]

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1325 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Privatization of American Prisons

- The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays]

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4430 words | (12.7 pages) | Preview

Privitization

- Privitization Every working American citizen contributes to Social Security. Anyone who has ever held a job has felt the frustration of seeing how much money the government takes out of their paycheck. Being told that we will all be able to collect social security when we can no longer work does not ease the frustration of having 6.2% of our hard earned money taken from us each payday. If individuals could have control of their retirement funds, this frustration could be eased. Being able to control our own retirement funds is an option that is being supported more and more by American workers....   [tags: essays papers]

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1235 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Privatization of American Prisons: a System for Profit

- Abstract The subject of this paper will be a compilation of research on the privatization of American prisons. This will include the reasons for, the historical aspects of, and the ethical and legal problems that it can and has caused. The research methods that will be used to develop this research paper will be done through both classical use of books and use of internet-based sources. This topic is important for analysis because the privatization of American prisons is a subject that raises many ethical and legal questions on its legitimacy and effectiveness as a means of correction....   [tags: Politics Prison ]

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8584 words | (24.5 pages) | Preview

Water Privatization: Private vs. Public

- Water has become a very controversial issue in the United States and around the world. As populations increase and resources decrease, the way we use our resources and keep populations safe become more and more important. Throughout the world there are nearly 1.1 billion people who do not have access the clean drinking water. 5 Most of these 1.1 billion people are located in poor areas and do not have the financial means to build the infrastructures needed to provide water to the citizens of their country....   [tags: Private vs. Public Ownership of Water]

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Unique Challenges of Privatization of the Juvinille Justice System

- Privatization has been typically undertaken in an effort to improve public productivity. Public managers thus have faced unique ethical challenges in situations of privatization because practical considerations and ethical considerations often collide. Effectiveness and efficiency may ultimately be long-range goals of privatization in general, but correctional programs for the juveniles are unique when examined state by state. Many people often think that the “free market” represents the best solutions to our current social problems and economic instability....   [tags: rehabilitation, ethics, corrections]

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1249 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution

- Water is vital for humanity as it sustains human life and is a fundamental aspect in most of the products which are consumed by an average living person. This is why water supplies are crucial, because through them this substance is provided sadly these services are being perturbed by various obstacles that at the end are provoking a severe water scarcity around the globe. This has been attempted to be solved by privatising water services, since it is believed that water available for free has generated an overexploitation of this resource....   [tags: Drinking Water Shortage]

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