In all human societies, beliefs and practises relating to illness are central features of cultural life. Although beliefs and practises strongly influence people’s health it is important to note that culture is not the only factor that influences health.
Clinically applied anthropologists are closely involved with healthcare and patient care as members of the healthcare system. They work with physicians, counsellors, lab technicians and many other paramedical personnel. They are solely involved with raising awareness to important cultural factors in health, some of them even practise medicine. This is multi-disciplinary inter-professionalism in itself.
The other medical anthropologists take a macro-approach and focus on political and economic equality which results to poverty and eventually has an effect on disease. An example of such an anthropolo...
... middle of paper ...
...o regard inter-professionalism in order to improve the health sector in any given society.
HEALTH SYSTEMS AS PART OF CULTURAL SYSTEMS
Arthur Kleiman (1980), in the book “Patients and Healers in the context of culture” defines cultural systems as a coherent whole of beliefs, norms, arrangements and institutions and patterns of interactions.
Health care systems is the patterns of beliefs about the causes of illnesses ,norms governing the choice and evaluation of treatment and institutions and settings in which the health care takes place as well as power relations that govern the interactions between patients and their healers.
No medical system can be said to be water-tight. For instance, the existence side by side of traditional spiritual healing traditions and western cosmopolitan bio-medical traditions has been reported in such big world cities as Amsterdam.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In the course of the study of medicine from an anthropological perspective, there are several themes which are repeatedly encountered. These include the body and its representation, meaning and a person’s response to that meaning, and finally, the symbolic images which construct and shape both meaning and the bodily representation. Each of these themes are addressed throughout medical anthropological texts, and are connected to and build on each other in a variety of ways. The body is the site of medicine, because the body is the site of all cultural practices.... [tags: Health, Medical Anthropology]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- Physical anthropology “is in large part, human biology seen from an evolutionary perspective” (Jurmaln, Kilgore & Trevathan, 2011). By this statement, I believe the authors mean that physical anthropology studies human biology with an evolutionary viewpoint rather than a scientific or medical viewpoint. Anthropology, as a broader science, is concerned with and studies human culture and the evolutionary aspects of human biology. Since culture affects human beings and human beings affect culture, the two are intertwined, and it therefore, makes sense to study them together.... [tags: anthropology, human biology, genetcs]
916 words (2.6 pages)
- Dr. Amanda Swain practices primary care at Student Health Services at the University of Pennsylvania. Swain’s exposure to the medical world began at a young age; she spent extended periods of her childhood in the hospital throughout her father’s illness. She went to Brandeis University with the intention of studying anthropology and archeology. However, after reflecting on her previous experiences in the hospital with her father and briefly shadowing a doctor, Swain ultimately decided to pursue medicine.... [tags: student health services, amanda swain]
2168 words (6.2 pages)
- The Anthropology of Mormonism Essay One The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LSD) was established in 19th century (1820) by Joseph Smith (1805-1844). Mormons believe that their Church is a refurbishment of the Church as regarded by Jesus and other Christian Churches have gone afield and astray. After the murder of Joseph Smith, it was developed by Brigham Young. He drifted with new Mormons to Salt Lake City in 1847. They believe that God has a carnal body, is married and can have children.... [tags: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints]
1163 words (3.3 pages)
- It is estimated that about 100 million women are circumcised (Toubia 1994,712). Female Circumcision or Female Genital Cutting or Female Genital Mutilation as it is also known is a very important issue that deserves much attention and understanding. Female Circumcision is closely related to women’s sexuality and reproductive role, which is why it has strong cultural significance to those that have the procedure done (Toubia 1994,712). The practice is done in a variety of cultural and ethnic groups (Toubia 1994,712).... [tags: women circumcision, females]
890 words (2.5 pages)
- Television plays an important role in influencing people. It is one of the main arms of media. The teenage girls in U.S.A idolize popular actress like Mary-Kate Olsen, Calista Flockhart and Victoria Beckhem. Teenage girls want to look like them. So to attain such skinny body they tend to eating disorder. It is not only the case in U.S. Ellen Goodman in her essay “The Culture of Thin Bites Fiji” has used Anthropologic research and its statics to show the eating disorder of Fijian teenager to look like actress in popular U.S television show.... [tags: Anthropology ]
1089 words (3.1 pages)
- Applying Anthropology to Nursing Medical Anthropology is dedicated to the relationship between human behavior, social life, and health within an anthropological context. It provides a forum for inquiring into how knowledge, meaning, livelihood, power, and resource distribution are shaped and how, in turn, these observable facts go on to shape patterns of disease, experiences of health and illness, and the organization of treatments. It focuses on many different topics including the political ecology of disease, the interface of the micro- and macro-environments that affect health, the politics of responsibility as it relates to health, gender and health, the moral, political and interperso... [tags: Papers]
1116 words (3.2 pages)
- Geography and the environment play a monumental role in the establishment and success of a nearly every civilization. For example, rivers bring water and allow for agricultural development, while mountains or deserts provide for protection and create a barrier. Many things, such as the aforementioned deserts and mountains, can offer both positive and negative influences on the society in question. The climate and amount of rainfall is directly related to the success or failure of crop growing, and thus related to the amount of time spent on simply surviving.... [tags: Anthropology]
784 words (2.2 pages)
- The Zulus tribe is an independent clan and the largest ethnic group in South Africa. The Zulu clan reputation is well known for their proud, fierce, and barbaric behavior. According to Ethnologies, in 1816 a new chief Shaka Zulu conquered and created a nation that was named after him. His descendants made up the Zulu clan. During the year of 1820, Native Africans did not have any political rights. The king of the Zulu ethnic groups or clans was the only one allowed to have judicial and legislative power.... [tags: Anthropology]
1014 words (2.9 pages)
- Role of Doctors in Nazis Racial Hygiene Germany was out to establish a new utopian world order where everything worked in harmony. They wanted to become a healthy and vibrant organism of healthy Aryans. The German doctors were mobilized to create this new world. The German bureaucrats believed all their social burdens were brought on by the handicapped, incurables and homosexuals as well as the Jews and gypsies. The physicians were to use all their medical knowledge and scientific expertise in the treatment for their new world.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
2232 words (6.4 pages)