Privatization of American Prisons Essay

Privatization of American Prisons Essay

Length: 1673 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction:
In America today, there is a trend in corrections of taking the duty of running prisons out of the hands of state and federal authorities and contracting it out to private organizations. Along with the drift to privatization is a plethora of research pertaining to the subject taking many different approaches to analyzing the effectiveness. The majority of research focuses on one of three areas. The first questioning whether or not it is cost effective to make the switch. The second being the ethical problems that can and have risen from the privatization of prisons. The third being a wide painting of the change and the implications it has on society as a whole.
When the changes came about, there were an excessive amount of variables that made the privatization of prisons a problematic change and a ill conceived solution to a larger issue. Now that privatization has been in practice for some time, many issues are coming out into the public's eye. For one, there is little evidence to support the notion that it is more cost effective. Another is that the ethical issues are being taken to the extreme. The privatization of prisons is in no manner a solution to any problems that the criminal justice system is facing, and government should not delegate coercive authority to private entities.
History of Prison Privatization:
In the United States of America, prison privatization began to increase in popularity around the late 19th century. There are many reasons that the idea became increasingly entertained. These reasons include the egregious overcrowding of government run facilities, citizens' forceful promotion of policies to further increase the American prison population, and increasing cost to maintain the increas...


... middle of paper ...


...ization: An Overview,” Prison Journal LXV
Bureau of Justice Statistics, “Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2004,” April 2005.
Dennis C., 1999 “Projected FY 2000 Cost of DOC Operated Medium Security Beds Compared to Private Prison Contracts,” 4th Annual Privatizing Correctional Facilities Conference..
Greenblatt, A. (2003). "What Makes Alec Smart?". Governing.
Kish, R. J., & Lipton, A. F. (2013). Do Private Prisons Really offer Savings Compared with their Public Counterparts?. Economic Affairs, 33(1), 93-107
Pratt T. and Maahs J., 1999, “Are Private Prisons More Cost-Effective than Public Prisons? A Meta- Analysis of Evaluation Research Studies,” Crime & Delinquency.
The Sentencing Project. (Brief Article). (2001). Peace and Freedom.
Powell pleads guilty. (n.d.). 2009 - News. Retrieved , from http://thetimes- tribune.com/news/powell-p leads- guilty-1.99257

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Privatization of American Prisons

- The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays]

Powerful Essays
4430 words (12.7 pages)

Essay on Privatization of American Prisons: a System for Profit

- Abstract The subject of this paper will be a compilation of research on the privatization of American prisons. This will include the reasons for, the historical aspects of, and the ethical and legal problems that it can and has caused. The research methods that will be used to develop this research paper will be done through both classical use of books and use of internet-based sources. This topic is important for analysis because the privatization of American prisons is a subject that raises many ethical and legal questions on its legitimacy and effectiveness as a means of correction....   [tags: Politics Prison ]

Powerful Essays
8584 words (24.5 pages)

America Needs Private Prisons Essay

- Reminisce back into the elementary school days, where hundreds of kids start to line up for food at the cafeteria. Now picture that cafeteria stuffed with multitudes of bunk beds side by side in which the whole school has to sleep in. Any parent would disapprove of a living situation that is similar to that, but all over the nation, prisoners are facing those exact problems. With the rise of the prison population in America, prisons all over the nation fear what could lead to huge detrimental consequences, one of which is overcrowding....   [tags: Prison Reform, Prison Privatization]

Powerful Essays
1339 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice

- Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate....   [tags: Privatization Criminal Justice Equality Essays]

Powerful Essays
5672 words (16.2 pages)

Sheding the Light on the Privatization of Prisons from the Costs Point of View

- ... A coalition of taxpayers sent a letter to the 48 governors encouraging them to reject the offer; it is costly and dangerous and weakens the state. In sum, the article show the public discourse of privatization and its alleged cost savings to the taxpayers. The occupied bed mandate in the contract has a direct correlation to the cost of operating a private prison, and making a comparison to a government facility dogmatic (The American Press, 2013). Influences on the Business Decision to Privatize In 2002, in a paper written by Price: Economics, ideology, politics, and profits: What drives prison privatization....   [tags: budget savings, profit]

Powerful Essays
1094 words (3.1 pages)

The Nature of the Modern American Prison System Essays

- The nature of the modern American prison system is explored, especially with regard to the evolution of safety measures and the birth of prison privatization. Covered are Bentham's revolutionary Panopticon concept, as well as the driving forces behind prison labor practices and prisoner rights. Factors such as investor confidence, taxation, and public policy are all examined to determine how they influence the state of the prison system (both public and private). The rights of inmates in terms of overcrowding, medical care, and privacy are all considered and weighed against the greater good....   [tags: prison privatization, history]

Powerful Essays
1694 words (4.8 pages)

The Privatization of Prison Healthcare Essay

- There are over 2.3 million persons within the” Prison Industrial Complex”. The “Prison Industrial Complex" is used to describe the overlapping interests of government and industry (Herzing, 2005). The interest of industry within the state prisons of Illinois has led to the selling of inmate healthcare rights to many private companies. The privatization of healthcare within the prison industrial complex is unconstitutional and perpetuates unethical treatment of persons who are incarcerated. These private companies are not being held accountable for the lack of treatment and negligence of providing services within state prisons....   [tags: legal issues, criminal justice]

Powerful Essays
1596 words (4.6 pages)

Privatization Essay

- Privatization In Taft, California, with a perimeter of razor wire, armed prison guards, supervise hundreds of medium security level federal inmates. Welcome to one of America's newest and fastest growing trends in the area of corrections. This new phenomenon is termed, The Corporation of Modern Corrections. Faced with an increase in prison overcrowding and aging institutions, court orders demanding immediate reform coupled with a straining budget, mandatory minimum sentences, and the public's attitude toward "getting tough on crime", America's justice system is in need of an overhaul....   [tags: Prisons Government Papers]

Powerful Essays
2653 words (7.6 pages)

Essay about Should Prisons Be Privatized Or Not?

- Introduction In recent years, prison privatization has emerged as a prime example of the contentious division, or lack thereof, between public duty and private enterprise. Despite this, the practice has seen implementation all around the world, from the United Kingdom and Australia to most obviously in the United States, and even in Canada (Feeley, 2002). Levels of success vary, especially in the case of Canada, where efforts to privatize ended as quickly as they began with a return to government control (Gran & Henry, 2007)....   [tags: Prison, Penology]

Powerful Essays
2055 words (5.9 pages)

Essay about Private Prisons and Interest Groups

- Private Prisons and Interest Groups Privately owned prisons began to emerge in the mid-1980s. These prisons emerged because of the ideological imperatives of the free market, the huge increase in the number of prisoners, and the substantial increase in imprisonment costs. (1) Proponents of privatized prisons put forward a simple case: The private sector can do it cheaper and more efficiently. Corporations such as Correction Corporation of America and Wackenhut promised design and management innovations without reducing costs or sacrificing quality of service....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
2656 words (7.6 pages)