The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

Length: 1209 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God,
although there is no argument as yet which proves without any doubt
that God exists. A proof is the demonstration that something is true
or, in this case, that God exists. There are 3 types of proof; direct,
deductive, and inductive. A direct proof is when something is
immediately obvious, so therefore, it cannot be used to prove God's
existence. However, Inductive and Deductive Arguments could be used to
prove the existence of God.

An Inductive argument is a posteriori (based on experience) which is
logic involving reasoning from effect to cause. Inductive arguments
attempt to create and support a general conclusion based on some
evidence (either physical or based on experience), without making it
absolutely certain. The arguments cannot produce proofs that
completely remove an element of doubt from the conclusion, so the
conclusion does not follow the premises and therefore, certainty can
no longer apply - Probability is used instead. Analogy can be used as
a proof, e.g. Paley's watch in the Design Argument. Using Inductive
arguments, it is possible to prove things, although the induction
never leads to certainty.

Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God using
Inductive Arguments. One example is the Cosmological Argument, which
uses the idea of Motion and Cause. Thomas Aquinas stated 'everything
that happens has a cause' and believed that the existence of the
Universe stands in need of explanation, and the only adequate
explanation of its existence is th...


... middle of paper ...


... when trying to prove the existence of God
using Inductive or Deductive proofs. Inductive proofs are seen to have
un-certain conclusions, whereas Deductive proofs need for certainty
can mean they are impossible to use. It is difficult to gather
evidence for God's existence, and it has been questioned whether we
are able to talk about God at all because he is so different from
human experiences. Proof may be impossible, due to so many
difficulties with any particular proof and because of the assumptions
we make in order to prove things. These assumptions are that human
reason is reliable and that our language actually corresponds to the
common world. If this is not the case, then how can anything be
proven? But perhaps, using Kant's argument, proof is not needed for
the existence of God, because faith is more important.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Argument Vs. Argument : Argument Essay

- At the heart of philosophy is philosophical argument. Arguments are different from assertions. Assertions are simply stated; arguments always involve giving reasons. An argument is a reasoned inference from one set of claims – the premises – to another claim – the conclusion. The premises provide reasons to believe that the conclusion is true. If the premises are true, the conclusion is more likely to be true. Arguments seek to ‘preserve truth’ – true premises will lead to a true conclusion. It is worth knowing a little bit more about arguments straightaway....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Argument]

Strong Essays
777 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on The Differences Between Induction And Deduction

- In this we essay will briefly look at the differences between induction and deduction. We will then examine Hume’s problem of induction and popular approaches to solving the problem. Finally we will consider whether Hume’s problem warrants our concern, does scientific advancement require induction to proceed or does it proceed deductively. A deductive argument is ‘truth tropic’-it leads us to true conclusions. Deductive arguments are ones where the premises entail the conclusion; as a result, it is logically impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion to be false....   [tags: Scientific method, Inductive reasoning, Logic]

Strong Essays
1452 words (4.1 pages)

David Hume 's Principles Of Uniformity Of Nature Essay

- Scottish philosopher David Hume is amongst one of the most influential empirical philosophers to date for his work in epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of religion. As an Empiricist Hume claimed that the only way we can obtain knowledge is through our senses however he argues true knowledge is unattainable for all intent and purpose, due to the problem of induction.By briefly examining Hume 's problem of induction and it 's dependancy to of the so called principles of Uniformity of Nature we could come to a conclusion that Hume 's is correct....   [tags: Logic, Inductive reasoning, Scientific method]

Strong Essays
1156 words (3.3 pages)

Human Understanding: What is Inductive Reasoning? Essay

- Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Part I: What is Induction. The term inductive reasoning refers to reasoning that takes specific information and makes a broader generalization that is considered probable, allowing for the fact that the conclusion may not be accurate. An example of inductive reasoning is: All observed children like to play with Legos. All children, therefore, enjoy playing with Legos. Relying on inductive reasoning throughout everyday life is just a part of human nature. If someone were to take into consideration every plausible outcome of a given situation, they would never get anything done or been stricken with worry....   [tags: inductive and deductive reference]

Strong Essays
574 words (1.6 pages)

The Theories Of Inductive, Deductive And Less Used Reproductive And Abductive

- There are four different research strategies are inductive, deductive and less used reproductive and abductive. ‘The aim of the inductive approach is ‘to establish universal generalizations to be used as pattern explanations’ whereas the deductive would ‘test theories, to eliminate false ones’. The latter would construct and ‘deduce the hypotheses’ rather than ‘produce generalization’ (Blaikie, 2007)- appendix for Table. The argument was that the theory which Atkinson developed as the “core-periphery model”....   [tags: Scientific method, Qualitative research]

Strong Essays
2061 words (5.9 pages)

Reasoning Research Paper

- Tables of Content Inductive Reasoning ……………………………...………………………………...……….…….3 Deductive Reasoning …………….....…………………………………………………………….3 Critical Thinking.……………….………...…………………………………………………..…...4 Role of Inductive Reasoning………………………………………………………………………5 Role of Deductive Reasoning……………………………………………………………………..5 Roles of Critical Thinking ………………..………………………………………………………6 References…………………………………………………………………………………………8 Inductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning is logical reasoning where people have a lot of the information and use that to reach a conclusion....   [tags: education, deductive, inductive]

Strong Essays
1223 words (3.5 pages)

The Paradigm Shift Caused by Francis Bacon Essay

- The time period surrounding the 17th century was the beginning of an era of great scientific advancement in Europe that was known as the Scientific Revolution. It was during this phase that the use of reason and new advances in science resulted in paradigm shifts. Paradigm shifts are shifts in basic assumptions (paradigms) resulting from the discovery of new information that is no longer compatible with existing paradigms, forcing people to shift their mind frame to adapt to the new assumption ("Thomas S....   [tags: going from deductive to inductive reasoning]

Strong Essays
1188 words (3.4 pages)

Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A Essays

- Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A The Hypothetico-Deductive model is considered by some to be the hallmark of scientific research methods. The model is predicated on obtaining information in an effort to confirm or reject the hypothesis developed. This methodology requires the researcher to ask questions, hone in on the issue through preliminary research, formulate hypothesis and measurements, test, draw conclusions, refine and report. In order for the model to be effective the question being addressed by the researcher must be testable....   [tags: Scientific Research Methods, Charles Darwin]

Strong Essays
1274 words (3.6 pages)

Deductive Databases Essay

- \subsection{Deductive Databases} In the field of deductive databases there has been extensive research on the optimization of queries for Datalog (and its variants). The major interest has been the optimization of recursive queries. Ceri et al~\cite{ceri-gottlob-tanca-1989} provide an excellent summary of the field. The evaluation or comparison of optimization strategies is typified by Bancilhon and Ramakrishnan~\cite{br1986,br1988} who develop analytical cost models for the optimization strategies when applied to four queries (related to the parent and ancestor relations) and then generate numerical data from the analytical models using synthetic data driven by three shapes -- tree, invert...   [tags: Information Technology]

Strong Essays
1008 words (2.9 pages)

The Deductive Problem of Evil Essays

- The Deductive Problem of Evil      One of the major philosophical debates concerning God's existence involves the problem of evil.  The problem has two basic formulations, one is deductive, the other inductive.  The deductive form of the problem asks the following:  Is the existence of evil logically compatible with a necessarily benevolent and necessarily omnipotent being?  One of the philosophers who discusses the problem is Richard Gale.  I will begin this essay by outlining the deductive problem of evil according to Gale.  I will then try to refute the deductive argument and prove that the existence of evil is indeed logically compatible with a benevolent and omnipotent being.  A conc...   [tags: Philosophy essays]

Strong Essays
1523 words (4.4 pages)