Homer. (1959). The Iliad of Homer (Vol. 18). United Holdings Group
The Iliad narrates a story about the Trojan War, where the desire to possess a woman caused the battle for 10 years. There are several female characters that represent the position of the woman in society, the “ideal” of women at that time, and the role of women in decision-making processes. The Iliad draws a picture of women not only as a Goddess, but also as a mortal human being. The beautiful Helen embodies the idea of the passivity of a woman, her absolute dependence on a higher power, she is just a “prize of honor” for all these heroes and lovers around her. At the same time, Helen is an ideal woman for ancient people, which leads to conclusion that, the physical appearance of woman and her royalty status were prerogatives in selecting of future life companion. On the other hand, another female character Andromache represents a strong dedication and unconditional love to her husband Hector; however, after the loss of her lover, Andromache was passed from one man to another. Despite the fact, that woman played a significant role in the man’s life - she was unable to make decisions on her own.
Lattimore, R. (1964). The Odyssey of Homer. The Hudson Review, 507-510.
The second book by Homer is The Odyssey, which narrates the adventures of Odysseus after the Trojan War. This source provided more detailed images of female characters, like Penelope. For the whole world the name of Penelope, who was waiting the return of her beloved husband for 20 years, was the impersonation of the faithful wife. Homer shows a clear picture that Penelope on her feminine way, as clever and resourceful as her husband. Another ex...
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...l culture and women’s status unfolds in the last part of article - “Race, Culture, and Sexuality". The destiny of each women, by ancient Greeks opinion, was to be a vessel for childbearing. Doubtless, that one of the reason of this female neglect was in approval of homosexual relationships, where people decided that love can be only between two males. Notwithstanding, that article has a lot of science terms and explanations, this is a perfect “peace of mind” work.
Foley, H. P. (Ed.). (2013). The Homeric" Hymn to Demeter": Translation, Commentary, and Interpretive Essays: Translation, Commentary, and Interpretive Essays. Princeton University Press.
The Hymn of Demeter is one of the Greek hymns, which has been written in order to celebrate women of Ancient Greece, and their religious life. This book contains an original text in Greek, with explanation and reviewing
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