Before the influence of Boas and Malinowski, people, mostly white upper class men, would study the culture of “primitive” people from distant places through the written accounts from soldiers or missionaries. Men such as Herbert Spencer and Lewis Morgan did not perform their own field work. They both based their observations and their theories from the written accounts of others. Boas and Malinowski both believed it was important to personally go out into the field and observe people and their culture first hand. Boas was the first to suggest the idea and Malinowski supported it and even added to it by stating observers should have daily contact.
Malinowski also made the revolutionary observation that the anthropologists were making comparisons between their own culture and that of the one they were studying. This showed that much of the information that had been obtained up to that point could be greatly biased. By comparing a different culture to ones own, one culture may be seen as “i...
... middle of paper ...
...ld in person became the new standard. The new method of detailed record keeping, even of minute details, to get the best understanding of the society and of the people. These techniques can be seen in the work of later anthropologists, especially the students of Boas, whose influence is seen in their books. Mead and Benedict went into the field to study and observe. Both women were able to gather intricate knowledge of life in that culture, only possible if they spent a large quantity of time with the people and gained their trust, much like how Malinowski did. Through their work, not only were Boas and Malinowski able to change how anthropological research is conducted, but they were also able to shed new light on prevalent theories at the time. It is through the efforts of Boas, Malinowski, and others that anthropology has led to a greater understand of each other.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Though women have played an integral part in the history of the discipline of anthropology, it was not until the early 1970’s that the field of anthropology and gender, or feminist anthropology emerged. Sex and gender roles have always been a vital part of any ethnographic study, but the contributors of this theory began to address the androcentric nature of anthropology itself. The substantial gap in information concerning the study of women was perceived as a male bias, a prejudice made more apparent because what little women-centered fieldwork was done received insufficient attention from the academic community.... [tags: Feminist Anthropology ]
1582 words (4.5 pages)
- Alfred Louis Kroeber was born in New Jersey in 1876 and later grew up in New York City where he attended a New York prep school. Kroeber was not only well-educated as a child, but he was also multilingual. It was arguably this strong educational background and history of assiduousness and discipline that contributed to Kroeber’s later success in an academic setting and in the field of Anthropology. By 1917, Alfred Kroeber was already flourishing in his field. By 1897, Kroeber received Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in English from Columbia College.... [tags: Anthropology, Franz Boas, Culture]
1223 words (3.5 pages)
- Development of Anthropology as a Discipline in the United States I. Early History of Anthropology in the United States 1870-1900 “The roots of anthropology lie in the eye-witness accounts of travelers who have journeyed to lands on the margins of state-based societies and described their cultures and in the efforts of individuals who have analyzed the information collected. In the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, a number of anthropologists recognized that the practice of anthropology was intimately linked to commerce and colonial expansion.” (Patterson 1) There were essentially three “schools” of anthropological thinking by the First World War and after.... [tags: Anthropology History Essays]
1567 words (4.5 pages)
- Anthropological researchers have considerable moral and ethical standards by which their work must be conducted in order to preserve the accuracy and the posterity of the information gathered during the study and also to the persons or cultures of which they study. These two important parts of anthropology – the research and those being researched – can be conflicting. The Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Association presents itself as a body of guidelines for discussing these ethical and moral conflicts.... [tags: ethics, antrhopological]
1242 words (3.5 pages)
- Abstract This paper provides the means to understand the Anthropology of Europe. A historical examination is made to explain the different views as well as investigations on man from the time of our ancestors to the present times. Although theorists have their respective claims, explanations and interpretation on their theoretical areas of interest yet adherence to their theories is common and their transmission of truth does not impair their sense of ethical responsibility. Who, what and where is the anthropology of Europe Introduction Europe has many hidden streaks throughout the globe.... [tags: Sociology ]
2685 words (7.7 pages)
- Mirror for Man: Understanding the Definition of Culture In Clyde Kluckhohn's passage, adapted from his book, Mirror for Man, we are given an illumination of anthropology on the concept of culture. He explains that culture is not only derived by "the way we are brought up," but also personal past experiences and the biological properties of the people concerned. As humans we have learned to adapt to our own personal surroundings and have conditioned ourselves and our life styles to revolve around such surroundings by the most comfortable means possible.... [tags: Mirror for Man Essays]
679 words (1.9 pages)
- Culutual Anthropology As an amateur anthropologist, I was to participate in my observation, which I did to the best of my ability. Choosing my topic was the most difficult for me. Coming to America there are so many options that I could choose to research. So what was I to do. Well, being in the state of Kentucky, Lexington at that, I decided to research a sporting event in which Americans call basketball. As soon as I stepped of the big metal bird, I saw a picture of a wild cat holding a round orange ball.... [tags: essays papers]
1750 words (5 pages)
- Katherine Dunham, born on June 22, 1909 was an African American dancer. Her mother Fanny June Dunham died when she became sick and her father Albert Dunham Sr., left to work as a salesman. Dunham and her older brother Albert Jr., were raised by their loving aunt Lulu on the ghetto side of Chicago. At four years old, Dunham would go to the salon, her aunt’s workplace, and would always remember how much her mother loved music. It was not long before that when Katherine noticed how people would look at her aunt because of the color of her skin.... [tags: Dance, African American, Black people, Racism]
1601 words (4.6 pages)
- In the 1776 document Common Sense by Thomas Paine, Paine tries to convince the American colonies that they are being fraternized by Britain under false pretenses, and that they should claim their freedom from their oppressive and manipulative rule immediately. In doing so, Paine actually highlights many of the principles of the Classical Christian Anthropology, the doctrine that our founding fathers initially instilled into the framework America. He also gives examples of the British government to emphasize the principles of Modern Anthropology, and to juxtapose against the Classical Christian Anthropology, or the government of the American colonies.... [tags: anthropology, Thomas Paine, american government]
1744 words (5 pages)
- Anthropology and Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah's Gourd Vine Zora Neale Hurston described the study of anthropology as a spy-glass, an illuminating lens (1). Anthropology is defined as the scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of humans (2). Through this study and with the aid of an essay defining human nature written by Cardinal Jean Daniello, we can take a closer look at the behavior of the characters in Hurston's novels Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah's Gourd Vine.... [tags: Hurston Eyes Watching God Gourd Vine Essays]
1911 words (5.5 pages)