Is Prison Privatization Really a Long Term Fix? Essay

Is Prison Privatization Really a Long Term Fix? Essay

Length: 1711 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Prison Privatization is a term used for which local, state and federal correction facilities hire companies from the private sector to run prisons and provide prison-related services. Some private companies are contracted only to provide things such as medical care, counseling, food services, and maintenance within publicly owned jails and prisons. Today, more and more private companies are being contracted to not only design and build, but also to operate new jails and prisons on both the state and federal level. Why this trend towards privatization? The explosion of the prison population from tougher sentencing laws, baby boom, ‘War on Drugs’, “three strikes” sentencing, the rising costs of construction and maintenance for the correction facilities, along with the cost of caring and incarcerating prisoners (Allen, Simonsen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2007) has led to the increased demand for and the utilization privatization. The private prison industry is one of the fastest growing industries in America; yet, despite this growth and more and more states moving towards in the future, many public and legal concerns remain. (Prison Politics; it takes money to run a prison - or pass a prison bill., 2002) Is the privatization of America’s prison system really a long-term fix or is it just a fad, a short-term remedy that only postpones issues to deal with in the future?
Prison Privatization is not a new idea or concept in America. (Allen, et al., 2007) This concept has been around since the early days of the colonization of our country. Some examples of early privatization were the use of prison labor for public works, leasing out of prisoners for agriculture and manufacturing purposes. Although this practice did save the states money, as ...


... middle of paper ...


.... New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Ascribe Newswire. (2008, November 24). Ascribe Newswire . Nashville, TN, USA. Retrieved July 29, 2009, from www.vanderbilt.edu/news

Austin, P. J., & Coventry, P. G. (2001). Emerging Issues on Privatized Prisons. U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Assistance.

Duitsman, P. J. (1998). The Private Prison Experiment: A Private Sector Solution to Prison Overcrowding. North Carolina Law Review , 78 (2209).
GAO. (2007). Cost of Prisons: BOP Needs Better Data to Assess Alternatives. United States Government Accountability Office.

Prison Politics; it takes money to run a prison - or pass a prison bill. (2002, May). Charlotte Observer .

White, A. A. (2001, Winter). Rule of Law and the Limits of Sovereignty:The Private Prison in Jurisprudential Perspective. American Criminal Law Review , 38 (111).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Prison Sentences For Nonviolent Crimes Essay

- As previously stated, the US contributes to more than a quarter of the global population of incarcerated people. European countries such as Germany and the Netherlands have decreased their incarceration rate to 79 and 82 people per 100,000 compared to the United States rate which is 716 per 100,000. A report created by the Vera Institute of Justice claims that Germany and the Netherlands were successful in reducing incarceration rates because they are focused on resocialization and rehabilitation rather than America prisons which focus on punishment and isolation....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Recidivism, Penology]

Powerful Essays
1603 words (4.6 pages)

Prison Term Policy Essay

- Prison Term Policy The members of the state legislature have hired me, a criminologist advisor to work for the state implementing a new bill on doubling a maximum sentence for anyone convicted of armed robbery....   [tags: Criminology Prison Term]

Powerful Essays
772 words (2.2 pages)

The Nature of the Modern American Prison System Essays

- The nature of the modern American prison system is explored, especially with regard to the evolution of safety measures and the birth of prison privatization. Covered are Bentham's revolutionary Panopticon concept, as well as the driving forces behind prison labor practices and prisoner rights. Factors such as investor confidence, taxation, and public policy are all examined to determine how they influence the state of the prison system (both public and private). The rights of inmates in terms of overcrowding, medical care, and privacy are all considered and weighed against the greater good....   [tags: prison privatization, history]

Powerful Essays
1694 words (4.8 pages)

The Ethics of Prison Privatization Essay

- How true is Christie’s warning that an increasingly privatized penal service threatens the ethics and effectiveness of the criminal justice system. More aspects of the penal system are now privatized, and are set to increase. This includes the privatization of such services as prisons, electronic tags, catering companies, probation work or prison escort services. David Taylor-Smith, head of the world’s biggest security firm, G4S says he expects private companies will be running large parts of the UK’s police service within five years (Taylor and Travis, 2012)....   [tags: legal issues, penal system]

Powerful Essays
2385 words (6.8 pages)

The Privatization of Prison Healthcare Essay

- There are over 2.3 million persons within the” Prison Industrial Complex”. The “Prison Industrial Complex" is used to describe the overlapping interests of government and industry (Herzing, 2005). The interest of industry within the state prisons of Illinois has led to the selling of inmate healthcare rights to many private companies. The privatization of healthcare within the prison industrial complex is unconstitutional and perpetuates unethical treatment of persons who are incarcerated. These private companies are not being held accountable for the lack of treatment and negligence of providing services within state prisons....   [tags: legal issues, criminal justice]

Powerful Essays
1596 words (4.6 pages)

Private Prisons Negativly Impact State and Local Governments Essay

- Private prisons have a negative effect on states and local governments. Unfortunately, the number of private prisons has been increasing since their inception in 1983 causing further problems. For-profit prisons offer no real benefits and are bad investments for states. Furthermore, private prisons beleaguer communities with high turnover rates that hurt local economies. The demands of these institutions put an excessive burden on the local community’s infrastructure. Similarly, private prisons strain the county and city legal systems....   [tags: For-profit Prisons, Prison Privatization]

Powerful Essays
3178 words (9.1 pages)

Essay about The Privatization of American Prisons

- The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays]

Powerful Essays
4430 words (12.7 pages)

Essay on Privatization of American Prisons: a System for Profit

- Abstract The subject of this paper will be a compilation of research on the privatization of American prisons. This will include the reasons for, the historical aspects of, and the ethical and legal problems that it can and has caused. The research methods that will be used to develop this research paper will be done through both classical use of books and use of internet-based sources. This topic is important for analysis because the privatization of American prisons is a subject that raises many ethical and legal questions on its legitimacy and effectiveness as a means of correction....   [tags: Politics Prison ]

Powerful Essays
8584 words (24.5 pages)

Essay on Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice

- Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate....   [tags: Privatization Criminal Justice Equality Essays]

Powerful Essays
5672 words (16.2 pages)

Privatization Essay

- Privatization In Taft, California, with a perimeter of razor wire, armed prison guards, supervise hundreds of medium security level federal inmates. Welcome to one of America's newest and fastest growing trends in the area of corrections. This new phenomenon is termed, The Corporation of Modern Corrections. Faced with an increase in prison overcrowding and aging institutions, court orders demanding immediate reform coupled with a straining budget, mandatory minimum sentences, and the public's attitude toward "getting tough on crime", America's justice system is in need of an overhaul....   [tags: Prisons Government Papers]

Powerful Essays
2653 words (7.6 pages)