Is Human Reasoning Rational? Essay

Is Human Reasoning Rational? Essay

Length: 983 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Is human reasoning rational? Draw on theories of deductive reasoning and your own experience with Sudoku puzzles.
Reasoning can be defined as the problems that differ from other kinds of problems in that they often owe their origins to formal systems of logic (Eysenck and Keane (2005). Deductive reasoning is a type of reasoning that leads to conclusions that are definitely true given that statements the conclusion is based on are true.
Rationality is the quality or state of being reasonable, based on facts or reason. Rationality implies the conformity of one 's beliefs with one 's reasons to believe, or of one 's actions with one 's reasons for action. Rational psychology offers a number of practical benefits. The first of these is that of formal, precise statements of artificial intelligence problems, theories, and techniques.
Deductive reasoning is a concept focused on logical arguments. It uses arguments that conclusions’ typically follow from a premise. To draw a correct conclusion, the individual must assume the premises to be true without the use of previously learned knowledge to reason on the premises at hand. The individual will then declare a valid conclusion, which has to be logically correct, based on the truth of the premises. However, conclusions can still be incorrectly stated if a premise if conceived to be true when it is in fact false.
One of the most common forms of deductive reasoning is syllogistic reasoning. Syllogisms are deductive reasoning problems that involve two premises and a conclusion, for example: “Some burglars are bankers; No bankers are policemen; so I can conclude that some burglars are not policemen.” An individual can logically arrive at a valid conclusion that explains the relationship be...

... middle of paper ... ability make someone more rational than another?
There are however some ideas that support rationalism in humans. Sudoku puzzles require an incredible amount of training and skill in order to tackle them. Imagine an instance where an untrained individual attempts to tackle a Sudoku puzzle; they would initially be completely helpless but will soon learn an effective strategy for coping with the task at hand. They will notice that particular strategies are more effective than others and will use a number of mental models to acquire inferences. Rational humans will assemble the strategies they have obtained to add the mental models of possibility as they continue to explore what works in a Sudoku puzzle to then solve it. Similar to every day life, once an individual has developed a strategy for a particular occurrence, their reasoning is often controlled as a result.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Reasoning of Human Nature Essay

- Reasoning of Human Nature John Locke and Karl Marx have one thing in common, they both believe in human reasoning. Humans, they suppose, have the ability to be both rational and intellectual beings; they not only learn from those around them but also from their surroundings. Niccolo Machiavelli, however, disagrees with Locke and Marx. He argues that human beings are not reasonable and are chaotic without any such order. Although these three men differ drastically in their views on life and society, as a whole each became radicals that changed the world around them for centuries to come....   [tags: Philosophy]

Better Essays
1627 words (4.6 pages)

Rational Knowledge and The Mind Essay

- To provide solutions to philosophical problems such as, how world process was created, man must be in possession of rational, intuition, and intuitive knowledge. Rational knowledge is human reasoning and requires verification. The ability of man to reason while giving logical step by step demonstration and arguments is referred to as human knowledge and it has a rational source. According to Carriero and Broughton (2011), genuine rational knowledge is provided by clear and separate knowledge of wholesome intellect with sense deliverances interaction....   [tags: Human Reason, Philosophical Problems]

Better Essays
627 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on Article Analysis: Emotions and Choices by Robert C. Solomon

- This paper will examine Robert C. Solomon's Emotions and Choices article, to best identify what anger is, and to what extent a rational human being is responsible for their anger. Firstly, Solomon's argument must be described. A quick summation of Solomon's argument can be found in the following four points: Emotions are judgements, emotions are chosen, emotions serve a purpose, and emotions are rational.1 To quote Solomon, he explains that “Emotions are not occurrences, and do not happen to us....   [tags: feelings, reasoning, rational, anger]

Better Essays
1015 words (2.9 pages)

Is Science Rational? Essays

- As people, we come with earlier knowledge and understandings on subjects and topics of study, “Science” being one of them. We make presumptions, based on either reasonable evidence or that our thoughts and ideas are known as true by others. Through this we have come to understand and define science as its aims, leaving its definition, whether consciously or unconsciously, unchallenged. We have taken advantage of the label that we have set for science, as well as its goals, and failed to look at them further....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Better Essays
1511 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Human Existence and Human Suffering

- All throughout our history, we humans have constantly evolved and developed to an extent where we can give an account to the world we live in. From Epicurus to Thomas Aquinas, from Aristotle -who taught one of the greatest kings namely Alexander the Great- to Sartre and Camus were all for the search of why we are on this planet. What drives us to live or perhaps to die, even if it is by one’s own hand. When arguing about the meaning of life, one has to take into account that every doctrine, thesis, antithesis, thought and emotion can only be explained and defined through the human perspective....   [tags: Human Existence]

Better Essays
1904 words (5.4 pages)

Mathematics : Mathematical Reasoning And Logic Essay examples

- Introduction Mathematical reasoning that to nowadays represents more essential to said verbal reasoning, plays a fundamental role in the development of our life and the progress of humanity. Areas such as, physics, social sciences, management and computer science. But in computing, we need more of a particular branch of the so-called mathematics: discrete mathematics. Discrete mathematics has become popular thanks to their applications in computer science. Notations and concepts of discrete mathematics are used to study problems in algorithmic and programming....   [tags: Mathematics, Logic, Algorithm, Mathematical logic]

Better Essays
1013 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Irrationality in “Rational Gaze”

- The phrase, “Rational Gaze”, is extremely misinterpreted. As Ayn Rand defines, rationality is the virtue to recognize and accept that one’s only source of knowledge is their ability to reason. Thus, rationality is very unique and individualistic. It has no boundaries. However, rationality is misinterpreted as the disposition to act in unanimity with other human beings, in order to obtain knowledge from nature. This skewed definition of rationality leads to confusion and unattainable anxiety. The only way to satisfy this anxiety is by having rational gaze, which is, to understand that reason is ineffable....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

Better Essays
1557 words (4.4 pages)

Inductive Reasoning Essay

- Inductive reasoning can be quickly summarized as a method through which a conclusion is drawn from particular cases; this conclusion may be applied to another specific case or generalized. All of our conclusions about the world around us, which we rely on daily without question, are dependent on this process. The expectation that our house will not cave in, that water will come from the faucet when turned on, that we will wake the next morning, are all propositions extrapolated from inductive arguments....   [tags: Philosophy]

Better Essays
1053 words (3 pages)

Essay about The Role of Feelings in Moral Reasoning

- The Role of Feelings in Moral Reasoning The discussion of how feelings affect morality is quite prevalent in both David Hume and Immanuel Kant’s works. While each philosopher touches on the topic of feelings, both men differ in their outlook on the role feelings play in our moral lives. While David Hume, seemed to feel that the human mind was nothing more then a series of sensations and feelings, Immanuel Kant argued that there exists more to our minds than just these feelings. David Hume based his whole ideology on a pleasure vs....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
718 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Faulty Reasoning

- Faulty Reasoning Suicide is not a rational answer to man's suffering. Von Goethe himself exhorts his reader "to be a man and not follow Werther." It is hard to give Werther's character sympathy for a self-destructive tendency. Even Lotte can perceive his ruinous path: "Do you not sense that you are deceiving yourself and willing your own destruction?." Rather than being a man and admitting his culpability, he acts like a child. Werther's disposition supports his decision for taking his own life....   [tags: essays papers]

Better Essays
1199 words (3.4 pages)