To explain the principles of human nature, Hume proposes an entirely new theory of the mind regarding it as the “only one upon which they [principles of human nature] can stand with any security” (239). All perceptions of the human mind are either impressions or ideas. “The difference between these consists in the degrees of force and liveliness with which they strike upon the mind and make their way into our thought and consciousness” (241). Impressions are essentially sense data at a particular time; something individuals would feel. The consciousness passively receives impressions as if a constant...
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...ific investigations into matters of fact are legitimate. Because people can evaluate their experiences (i.e. pick out what is truly characteristic of the external world on the basis of justified empirical inquiry), people can learn from their inquiry into matters of fact.
Furthermore, scientific knowledge is cognitively legitimized by reason, causality, and induction. If one could not trust these methods, then science itself would prove to be pointless. Clearly, though, science has been tremendously helpful not only in regards to explaining natural phenomenon but also in everyday practical applications. Additions or deletions can supplement a particular scientific conclusion as a result of people’s continuous technological advancements, yet all of their conclusions still amount to knowledge. It all intertwines on the path to demystify a seemingly enigmatic universe.
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