The Mesopotamian people were “polytheistic yet they were henotheistic also.” They had a structural hierarchy of deities, with certain gods being superior to others. The early Mesopotamian gods just like the ancient Greek gods, “bore many similarities to humans and were anthropomorphic.” Not only did they look like humans, they also often acted like humans. They would eat, sleep, and even consume alcohol which actually led to them feeling the effects of being drunk. Another thing that both religions have in common is the fact that most of the gods and goddesses of the Mesopotamian religion were related to each other. It was a sort of “family” of deities. Their gods were labeled much in the same manner as the Greek gods. They had the 4 creator gods: god of the sky, who was also the God of Gods and ruler of their heaven, then the god of storms, the god of the earth, and the god of ...
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...nto the Christian and Muslim eras on to around 800 CE. The patron of this particular city was the God Enlil. “Enlil legitimized the rule of kings and presided over pacts.” Several of the ancient kings of Mesopotamia sent offerings and prayed at this shrine.
The two most popular and famous Patron-cities of ancient Greece were Athens and Sparta.
Gordon, Cyrus. The Ancient Near East. 3rd Edition, Revised. W. W. Norton and Company, Inc., New York, 1965.
Bottero, Jean.(2001). Religion in Ancient Mesopotamia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bottero, Jean.(2001)37. Religion in Ancient Mesopotamia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Nagle, D. Brendan. The Ancient World: Readings in Social and Cultural History. Prentice Hall 2001
Mark, Joshua J. 22 February, 2011. Mesopotamian Religion.http://www.ancient.eu.com/Mesopotamian_Religion/
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