During the nineteenth century, Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer both developed theories of biological evolution that were accepted by scholars in Britain and America (McGee & Warms, 2008). These theories were applied to cultural studies and the anthropological school of cultural evolution was developed. The dominate belief was that all cultures develop in a universal, ongoing sequence from primitive to complex, known as unilineal evolution (McGee & Warms, 2008). Therefore, it was thought that a more primitive society could be studied to learn about the evolutionary history of an advanced culture. This was known as the comparative method (McGee & Warms, 2008). Consequently, fieldwork was virtually unnecessary. Ma...
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.... Each time becoming more efficient in helping anthropologists gaining insight into the new theories and knowledge that will be attained.
History World International. (2001). The international history project: Anthropology. Retrieved from http://history-world.org/anthropology.htm
Hoey, B.A. (2011). What is ethnography? Retrieved from http://www.brianhoey.com/General%20Site/general_defn-ethnography.htm
McGee, R.J., & Warms, R.L. (2008). Anthropological theory: An introductory history (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. (1968). In International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Retrieved from http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Alfred_Reginald_Radcliffe-Brown.aspx
Tooker, E. (1992). Lewis H. Morgan and his contemporaries. American anthropologist, 94, 357- 375. http://www.aaanet.org/sections/gad/history/051tooker.pdf
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