The Establishment and Development of the Modern Internet and
Where We Are Today
University of North Alabama
The Establishment and Development of the Modern Internet and
Possible Future Developments
The Internet. Possibly the most pervasive and omnipresent thing that has ever existed, or even possibly ever will ever exist. The Internet is still incredibly young. Having roots that formed in the mere 1960’s. It was developed by The Pentagon’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) to prevent other countries, specifically the Soviet Union, from developing a technological lead over the United States after the launch of the Sputnik satellite. ARPA gathered the brightest minds of programming and computer science of the time and banded them together to develop what would become the foundation of the today’s world’s communication, education, entertainment, and business operations. Just as the Internet has grown exponentially since the 60’s, its uses and applications will continue to grow at an ever increasing rate.
The Soviet Union launched the satellite Sputnik I on October 4, 1957 sparking the beginning of the space age (Garber 2007) and also backing the Pentagon and Eisenhower in creating ARPA in 1958. The purpose of ARPA was to initiate and perform leading edge research projects and developments in science and technology. Later ARPA changed names to Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). DAPRA enlisted J.C.R. Licklider of MIT to be the first head of the computer research program. Licklider is credited to have the first documented descriptions of social interaction through networking. He described such as a “Galactic Network” in a series of memos that explored ideas of worldwide connectivity in wh...
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The Internet started as small project among computer programmers and has now spread to nearly every corner of the world. In roughly 60 years, it has transformed the world into a completely interweaved, connected network. It allows us to be comfortable in our homes and reach out to any place in the world and even when we aren’t home, we can control everything that goes on there. Buying and selling items, even food, can be completely done at home. Future Internet technology, such as the IoT, will make our lives easier and a lot faster. Humans will live longer due to smart technology that will be incorporated with the body. From being an idea in J.C.R. Licklider’s memo pad to powering devices to know what we want before we even know it, the Internet has come a long way; but truly the story of the Internet is just now beginning.
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