Module two discussed the concept of critical thinking and how it is important in society. Critical thinking is defined as: “…the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action” (Critical). Critical thinking is important because it allows us to make more rational, thoughtful decisions and to question everything. It is a long and difficult process but the results yield a more informed, insightful mind. Critical thinkers help to improve the world as they improve their way of thinking because as more people become critical thinkers, the more people will learn to think for themselves ...
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... system that is hindering their efforts.
Module four described Karl Mannheim’s work on the sociology of knowledge. A concept discussed in this reading was the idea of age cohorts and how they shape societies perception of reality. According to Mannheim, age cohorts group together people who have experienced similar worldly events during the same point in their life, for example those growing up for the period of the civil rights movement during the 1960’s or during the 1930’s Great Depression era (Polak). Those who are not part of certain age cohorts will never be able to understand those experiences on the same emotional level as the people who were genuinely affected by those events. Non-cohort individuals can only perceive those events on an intellectual or historical basis rather than a psychological one in which those in the same age cohort can connect (Polak).
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