Induction is the process of getting the empirical truth which involves the four sources of knowledge; memory, sense perception, introspection, & reason. Induction starts from sense in primary objects. Deduction, on the other hand which is truth based upon rational thought, allows us to use a hypothesis, and examine all possibilities until a logical conclusion can be formed so those things which are true can be classed. In short, the conclusion of inductive reasoning at best can only be probably true whereas the conclusion of deductive reasoning is always necessarily true.
Bacon introduced a new system of “true and perfect” induction which he proposed as both the essential foundation of scientific method and also a necessary tool for the proper interpretation of nature. Bacon although an analytic, designed this new method to differ from the classical methods of induction Aristotle and other philosophers formed. “As Bacon explains it, classic induction proceeds “at once from . . . sense and particulars up to the most general propositions” and then works backward (via deduction) to arrive at intermediate propositions.” (Simpson) One major mistake Bacon noticed with the classic method of induction philosophers such as Aristotle formed was that if general principle proves false, all the intermediate principles could prove false as well. “And, though these affections are necessary as various as are individual conditions, yet the method must be such that the ultimate conclusion of every man shall be the same, or would be the same if inquiry were sufficiently persisted in.” (Peirce) One contradicti...
... middle of paper ...
...ng his own proofs.” (UKEssays)
In conclusion, neither method is better than the other, nor is there a “right” or “wrong” method. We use both methods everyday as we rationally think or wonder about something. We relate our past experiences to new ones which seem to have similarities as past events which is induction. We also, perform experiments and order things according to logic to reach a conclusion which is deduction.
Dobson, Kevin E., and Jon Avery. Ways of Knowing: Selected Readings. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1994. 63-75. Print.
"The Life And Work Of Euclid Philosophy Essay." The Life And Work Of Euclid Philosophy Essay. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
Macphee, Kona. "The Origins of Proof." Plus.maths.org. N.p., 1 Jan. 1999. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
Simpson, David. "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Bacon, Francis . IEP, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Induction A signiﬁcant function of science, and of everyday thinking, is to make sense of available information. Induction is the process of going from the specific to the general thereby reaching a conclusion about the complex nature of the universe from a , thus far, limited set of observations. A person uses a collection of evidence, gained through experience, and uses it to form a conclusion which is conceived to be conform with the given facts. This means the observations may be true, but because of the given limitation of observation the conclusion could still be proven false.... [tags: Induction, Hume, science]
1039 words (3 pages)
- In this we essay will briefly look at the differences between induction and deduction. We will then examine Hume’s problem of induction and popular approaches to solving the problem. Finally we will consider whether Hume’s problem warrants our concern, does scientific advancement require induction to proceed or does it proceed deductively. A deductive argument is ‘truth tropic’-it leads us to true conclusions. Deductive arguments are ones where the premises entail the conclusion; as a result, it is logically impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion to be false.... [tags: Scientific method, Inductive reasoning, Logic]
1452 words (4.1 pages)
- Effects of Induction on Customers Internal Customers Internal customers find that the induction process makes sure that all are informed about the procedures and protocols of the department and helps them know what is expected from them. It gives them an introduction to the department and the area they are working in to help them get familiar. It gives them access to the IT systems that are routinely used. They get to meet key people with whom they will be working with, see the documentation and procedures they are expected to use and gives an opportunity to ask questions.... [tags: Internal Customers, Induction Process]
917 words (2.6 pages)
- 1. Pick any painting and analyze it from the points of view of the (a) formalist, (b) the expressionist, (c) and the philosopher of “aesthetic experience”. Which perspective, if any, do you find most convincing. I chose a piece by Francis Bacon, an Irish artist born in 1909, called the Study after Velázquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X. (a) From the point of view of a formalist, this piece would be examined in different perspectives such as the dark tones, shapes, and lines that the piece has, to the context and reasons of why Bacon decided to paint it as a re-modernization of the classical painting of Velasquez, exploring all the textures and dimensions of the painting to determine its art... [tags: Francis Bacon, art]
940 words (2.7 pages)
- People say that doing something to a person that made bad to you is an alternative to get that feeling that he had what he deserved too, but what about if all that retaliation or revenge ends up in bad terms and in bad conditions. We don’t think about reality itself, about what my happen if I do this or what may happen if I do that, but all though thinking ad a human being makes us seek for that interest and that revenge and submission to portray the other person that he did wrong. Some people say that our life is about revenge, that the best revenge in life is keep living and being successful.... [tags: Thought, Human, Francis Bacon, A Story]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- Logic, Imagination and Deduction "Quit your day dreaming" "Mr. Gies, are you still with us?" "Hello!" These are some of the common inquisitions I heard while trying my best to pay attention during elementary school classes. It seems that I had some issues with staying on task. Perhaps it was a problem that I would outgrow, or at least be able to control, but as the years went on by I found that time did not change me. What a break. It turns out that using my imagination has helped me numerous times in solving networking issues, writing code, troubleshooting electronic devices, and designing complex systems.... [tags: Logic Imagination Deduction]
782 words (2.2 pages)
- In the selection, ‘Skeptical doubts concerning the operations of the understanding’, David Hume poses a problem for knowledge about the world. This question is related to the problem of induction. David Hume was one of the first who decided to analyze this problem. He starts the selection by providing his form of dividing the human knowledge, and later discusses reasoning and its dependence on experience. Hume states that people believe that the future will resemble the past, but we have no evidence to support this belief.... [tags: Philosophy / Logic]
1208 words (3.5 pages)
- Francis Bacon wrote more than 30 works of philosophy and many other tracts on law and science. He is regarded by many as the father of British empiricism. In his Novum Organum (1620), he presents a "new method" for acquiring knowledge that abandons the traditional deference toward the received wisdoms of Aristotle and other classical sources and advocates inductive, theory-free observations by the senses. The main features of Baconian scientific inquiry (chastity, holiness and legality), Bacon's criteria for assessing the merit of philosophical ideas (usefulness and charitgy), the main themes of Bacon's Instauratio Magna; and his identification of obstacles to the acquisition of knowledge (a... [tags: American History]
714 words (2 pages)
- Bacon's Rebellion Sometimes there comes an event in American History in which no one knows exactly why it happened. What the motives of the event were are left to the interpretation of the historian doing the research. Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676 was on such event. Wilcomb E. Washburn’s view is precise when he states, “ Bacon’s Rebellion. . .was an event on which observers could agree on the facts, but divide on the interpretation.” Historians have been picking into peoples’ accounts and versions of the legend for over 3 centuries, but never coming to a common conclusion.... [tags: American History Nathaniel Bacon Papers]
3137 words (9 pages)
- A Deduction Kant's subjective A deduction is not a "deduction" in the traditional philosophical sense. Rather, it is a "justification" in the sense of the language of legal practice. (1) What Kant wants to justify is that the categories are the necessary a priori conditions for the possibility of experiential objects. This justification also has another role in Kant's overall project. If he can prove the categories are the necessary a priori grounds for the possibility of experiential objects, then he can justify the use of philosophical synthetic a priori propositions.... [tags: Kant Psychology Essays]
3703 words (10.6 pages)